Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2009, 6(4), 1443-1455; doi:10.3390/ijerph6041443
Article

Barriers to Exercise in Younger and Older Non-Exercising Adult Women: A Cross Sectional Study in London, United Kingdom

1 Faculty of Sport, Health & Social Care, University of Gloucestershire, Gloucester, UK 2 School of Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, University of the Sunshine Coast, Queensland, Australia
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 February 2009; Accepted: 2 April 2009 / Published: 15 April 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Public Health: Feature Papers)
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Abstract: A survey of 100 women in the south of London, United Kingdom (UK) compared exercise barrier intensities between non-exercising younger (20-27 years) and older (28-35 years) adult women; and examined childcare duties as perceived barriers to exercise. Perceived barriers to exercise were examined using an Exercise Benefits/Barriers Scale (EBBS) comprising four subscales (exercise milieu; time expenditure; physical exertion; family discouragement). Participants’ number of children was also noted. Non-exercising older women reported significantly higher total exercise barriers, as well as across three barrier subscales: exercise milieu, time expenditure, and family discouragement. For both age groups, significant correlation existed between number of children and women’s total exercise barrier scores. Number of children explained »25% and »30% of the variance of younger and older women’s total barrier scores respectively. For both women groups, the strongest correlation between exercise barrier and number of children was for the time expenditure subscale. Broad grouping of 20-35 year old non-exercising women does not reflect a homogenous sample. Age categories employing narrower age brackets are recommended. Issues surrounding family responsibilities e.g. childcare duties may be shared between these groups and require further research and policy attention.
Keywords: Physical activity; exercise barriers; women; child care; obesity

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MDPI and ACS Style

El Ansari, W.; Lovell, G. Barriers to Exercise in Younger and Older Non-Exercising Adult Women: A Cross Sectional Study in London, United Kingdom. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2009, 6, 1443-1455.

AMA Style

El Ansari W, Lovell G. Barriers to Exercise in Younger and Older Non-Exercising Adult Women: A Cross Sectional Study in London, United Kingdom. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2009; 6(4):1443-1455.

Chicago/Turabian Style

El Ansari, Walid; Lovell, Geoff. 2009. "Barriers to Exercise in Younger and Older Non-Exercising Adult Women: A Cross Sectional Study in London, United Kingdom." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 6, no. 4: 1443-1455.

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