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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2009, 6(4), 1298-1316; doi:10.3390/ijerph6041298
Article

A School-Based Environmental Intervention to Reduce Smoking among High School Students: The Acadiana Coalition of Teens against Tobacco (ACTT)

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Received: 30 December 2008; Accepted: 10 March 2009 / Published: 27 March 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Smoking and Tobacco Control)
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Abstract: A school-based environmental program to reduce adolescent smoking was conducted in 20 schools (10 intervention; 10 control) in south central Louisiana. The 9th grade cohort (n = 4,763; mean age = 15.4 yrs; 51% female; 61% Caucasian; 30-day smoking prevalence at baseline = 25%) was followed over four years for 30-day smoking prevalence with the school as the unit of analysis. Although prevalence decreased in intervention schools and increased in control schools in Year 2 the significant difference between the two groups at baseline was not overcome by the intervention and increases in prevalence were observed in both groups in Years 3 and 4. The higher the percentage of white students in a school the higher the prevalence rates regardless of intervention/control status. Boys’ and girls’ smoking rates were similar. These outcome data, student feedback and process evaluation provide a basis for continuing to create more innovative adolescent tobacco control programs.
Keywords: Smoking prevalence; adolescents; high school; health promotion Smoking prevalence; adolescents; high school; health promotion
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Johnson, C.C.; Myers, L.; Webber, L.S.; Boris, N.W.; He, H.; Brewer, D. A School-Based Environmental Intervention to Reduce Smoking among High School Students: The Acadiana Coalition of Teens against Tobacco (ACTT). Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2009, 6, 1298-1316.

AMA Style

Johnson CC, Myers L, Webber LS, Boris NW, He H, Brewer D. A School-Based Environmental Intervention to Reduce Smoking among High School Students: The Acadiana Coalition of Teens against Tobacco (ACTT). International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2009; 6(4):1298-1316.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Johnson, Carolyn C.; Myers, Leann; Webber, Larry S.; Boris, Neil W.; He, Hao; Brewer, Dixye. 2009. "A School-Based Environmental Intervention to Reduce Smoking among High School Students: The Acadiana Coalition of Teens against Tobacco (ACTT)." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 6, no. 4: 1298-1316.


Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert