Next Article in Journal / Special Issue
Adverse Effects of a Clinically Relevant Dose of Hydroxyurea Used for the Treatment of Sickle Cell Disease on Male Fertility Endpoints
Previous Article in Journal
Disparities in Health Care Utilization by Smoking Status – NHANES 1999-2004
Previous Article in Special Issue
Evaluation of the Waste Tire Resources Recovery Program and Environmental Health Policy in Taiwan
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2009, 6(3), 1107-1123; doi:10.3390/ijerph6031107
Article

Increased Mortality Associated with Well-Water Arsenic Exposure in Inner Mongolia, China

1
,
2
,
2
,
2
,
3
,
4
,
4
,
5
,
6
 and
1
1 US Environmental Protection Agency, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA 2 Inner Mongolia Center for Endemic Disease Control and Research, Huhhot, Inner Mongolia, China 3 Ba Men Anti Epidemic Station, Bayingnormen, Inner Mongolia, China 4 University of Alberta, Department of Public Health Sciences, Edmonton, Canada 5 Hangjin Hou Centers for Disease Control, Hangjin Hou, Inner Mongolia, China 6 Chinese Academy of Preventative Medicine, Institute of Environmental Health &Engineering, Beijing, China
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 January 2009 / Accepted: 24 February 2009 / Published: 16 March 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Public Health: Feature Papers)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [226 KB, uploaded 19 June 2014]   |  

Abstract

We conducted a retrospective mortality study in an Inner Mongolian village exposed to well water contaminated by arsenic since the 1980s. Deaths occurring between January 1, 1997 and December 1, 2004 were classified according to underlying cause and water samples from household wells were tested for total arsenic. Heart disease mortality was associated with arsenic exposure, and the association strengthened with time exposed to the water source. Cancer mortality and all-cause mortality were associated with well-water arsenic exposure among those exposed 10-20 years. This is the first study to document increased arsenic-associated mortality in the Bayingnormen region of Inner Mongolia.
Keywords: Arsenic; drinking water; China; Inner Mongolia; mortality; heart disease; cancer Arsenic; drinking water; China; Inner Mongolia; mortality; heart disease; cancer
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

Further Mendeley | CiteULike
Export to BibTeX |
EndNote |
RIS
MDPI and ACS Style

Wade, T.J.; Xia, Y.; Wu, K.; Li, Y.; Ning, Z.; Le, X.C.; Lu, X.; Feng, Y.; He, X.; Mumford, J.L. Increased Mortality Associated with Well-Water Arsenic Exposure in Inner Mongolia, China. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2009, 6, 1107-1123.

View more citation formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

For more information on the journal, click here

Comments

[Return to top]
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert