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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2009, 6(2), 741-758; doi:10.3390/ijerph6020741
Review

The Control of Environmental Tobacco Smoke: A Policy Review

*  and
Received: 16 December 2008; Accepted: 14 February 2009 / Published: 20 February 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Smoking and Tobacco Control)
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Abstract: According to World Health Organisation figures, 30% of all cancer deaths, 20% of all coronary heart diseases and strokes and 80% of all chronic obstructive pulmonary disease are caused by cigarette smoking. Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS) exposure has also been shown to be associated with disease and premature death in non-smokers. In response to this environmental health issue, several countries have brought about a smoking ban policy in public places and in the workplace. Countries such as the U.S., France, Italy, Ireland, Malta, the Netherlands, Sweden, Scotland, Spain, and England have all introduced policies aimed at reducing the population exposure to ETS. Several investigations have monitored the effectiveness of these smoking ban policies in terms of ETS concentrations, human health and smoking prevalence, while others have also investigated a number of alternatives to smoking ban policy measures. This paper reviews the state of the art in research, carried out in the field of ETS, smoking bans and Tobacco Control to date and highlights the need for future research in the area.
Keywords: ETS; Smoking Ban; Tobacco Control; Smoking Areas ETS; Smoking Ban; Tobacco Control; Smoking Areas
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

McNabola, A.; Gill, L.W. The Control of Environmental Tobacco Smoke: A Policy Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2009, 6, 741-758.

AMA Style

McNabola A, Gill LW. The Control of Environmental Tobacco Smoke: A Policy Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2009; 6(2):741-758.

Chicago/Turabian Style

McNabola, Aonghus; Gill, Laurence William. 2009. "The Control of Environmental Tobacco Smoke: A Policy Review." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 6, no. 2: 741-758.


Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert