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The Control of Environmental Tobacco Smoke: A Policy Review
AbstractAccording to World Health Organisation figures, 30% of all cancer deaths, 20% of all coronary heart diseases and strokes and 80% of all chronic obstructive pulmonary disease are caused by cigarette smoking. Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS) exposure has also been shown to be associated with disease and premature death in non-smokers. In response to this environmental health issue, several countries have brought about a smoking ban policy in public places and in the workplace. Countries such as the U.S., France, Italy, Ireland, Malta, the Netherlands, Sweden, Scotland, Spain, and England have all introduced policies aimed at reducing the population exposure to ETS. Several investigations have monitored the effectiveness of these smoking ban policies in terms of ETS concentrations, human health and smoking prevalence, while others have also investigated a number of alternatives to smoking ban policy measures. This paper reviews the state of the art in research, carried out in the field of ETS, smoking bans and Tobacco Control to date and highlights the need for future research in the area.
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MDPI and ACS Style
McNabola, A.; Gill, L.W. The Control of Environmental Tobacco Smoke: A Policy Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2009, 6, 741-758.View more citation formats
McNabola A, Gill LW. The Control of Environmental Tobacco Smoke: A Policy Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2009; 6(2):741-758.Chicago/Turabian Style
McNabola, Aonghus; Gill, Laurence William. 2009. "The Control of Environmental Tobacco Smoke: A Policy Review." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 6, no. 2: 741-758.