Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2009, 6(12), 3056-3069; doi:10.3390/ijerph6123056
Article

Assessment of Japanese Stimulant Control Law Offenders Using the Addiction Severity Index—Japanese Version: Comparison with Patients in Treatment Settings

1 Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, 1-20-1 Handayama, Higashi-ku, Hamamatsu, Japan 2 Shizuoka Prison, 3-1-1 Higashichiyoda, Aoi-ku, Shizuoka, Japan 3 Division of Psychobiology, Tokyo Institute of Psychiatry, 2-1-8 Kamikitazawa, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 156-8585, Japan 4 Division of Social Psychiatry, Tokyo Institute of Psychiatry, 2-1-8 Kamikitazawa, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 156-8585, Japan # These authors contributed equally to this study.
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 November 2009; Accepted: 29 November 2009 / Published: 3 December 2009
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Abstract: The present study assessed problems in Japanese prisoners (inmates) who abused methamphetamine. Fifty-two male inmates were assessed in 2005–2007 using the Addiction Severity Index-Japanese version and compared with 55 male methamphetamine abusers in hospitals and recovery centers. The χ2 and Mann-Whitney-Wilcoxon tests showed that the inmates had a significantly lower education level, more frequently had full-time jobs, had more experience living with a sexual partner, and more frequently had a history of juvenile delinquency and criminal records than patients. Although psychiatric symptoms, such as depression, anxiety, and hallucinations, were not common among inmates, suicidal behavior and trouble controlling violence were common in both groups.
Keywords: methamphetamine; Addiction Severity Index; Japanese; prison; correctional facilities

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MDPI and ACS Style

Watanabe, T.; Ogai, Y.; Koga, T.; Senoo, E.; Nakamura, K.; Mori, N.; Ikeda, K. Assessment of Japanese Stimulant Control Law Offenders Using the Addiction Severity Index—Japanese Version: Comparison with Patients in Treatment Settings. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2009, 6, 3056-3069.

AMA Style

Watanabe T, Ogai Y, Koga T, Senoo E, Nakamura K, Mori N, Ikeda K. Assessment of Japanese Stimulant Control Law Offenders Using the Addiction Severity Index—Japanese Version: Comparison with Patients in Treatment Settings. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2009; 6(12):3056-3069.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Watanabe, Takashi; Ogai, Yasukazu; Koga, Takehiro; Senoo, Eiichi; Nakamura, Kazuhiko; Mori, Norio; Ikeda, Kazutaka. 2009. "Assessment of Japanese Stimulant Control Law Offenders Using the Addiction Severity Index—Japanese Version: Comparison with Patients in Treatment Settings." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 6, no. 12: 3056-3069.

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