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Examining Factors in the Research Institute on Addictions Self-Inventory (RIASI): Associations with Alcohol Use and Problems at Assessment and Follow-Up
Social, Prevention and Health Policy Research, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, 33 Russell Street, Toronto, ON, M5S 2S1, Canada
Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada
School of Social Work, University at Buffalo SUNY, 660 Baldy Hall, Amherst, NY 14260, USA
Social Science Research Centre, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS 39762, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 October 2009; Accepted: 18 November 2009 / Published: 24 November 2009
Abstract: Impaired driving is a leading cause of alcohol-related deaths and injuries. Rehabilitation or remedial programs, involving assessment and screening of convicted impaired drivers to determine problem severity and appropriate programs, are an important component of society’s response to this problem. Ontario’s remedial program, Back on Track (BOT), involves an assessment process that includes administration of the Research Institute on Addictions Self-Inventory (RIASI) to determine assignment to an education or treatment program. The purpose of this study is to identify factors within the RIASI and examine how factor scores are associated with alcohol use and problem indicators at assessment and six-month follow-up. The sample included 22,298 individuals who completed BOT from 2000 to 2005. Principal component factor analysis with varimax rotation was conducted on RIASI data and an eight factor solution was retained: (1) Negative Affect, (2) Sensation Seeking, (3) Alcohol-Quantity, (4) Social Conformity, (5) High Risk Lifestyle, (6) Alcohol Problems, (7) Interpersonal Competence, and (8) Family History. Regression analyses were conducted to examine associations between factors and alcohol and problem measures obtained at assessment and at follow-up. Most factors, except for Interpersonal Competence, were associated with more alcohol use and problems at assessment. A similar pattern was observed at 6-month follow-up, but interestingly some factors (Negative Affect, Sensation Seeking, Alcohol-Quantity and Family History) predicted fewer days of alcohol use. The Interpersonal Competence factor was associated with significantly lower levels of alcohol use and problems at both assessment and follow-up. This work suggests that the RIASI provides information on several domains that have important relationships with alcohol problem severity and outcomes.
Keywords: convicted impaired drivers; assessment; screening instrument; factor analysis
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Mann, R.E.; Stoduto, G.; Flam Zalcman, R.; Nochajski, T.H.; Hall, L.; Dill, P.; Wells-Parker, E. Examining Factors in the Research Institute on Addictions Self-Inventory (RIASI): Associations with Alcohol Use and Problems at Assessment and Follow-Up. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2009, 6, 2898-2918.
Mann RE, Stoduto G, Flam Zalcman R, Nochajski TH, Hall L, Dill P, Wells-Parker E. Examining Factors in the Research Institute on Addictions Self-Inventory (RIASI): Associations with Alcohol Use and Problems at Assessment and Follow-Up. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2009; 6(11):2898-2918.
Mann, Robert E.; Stoduto, Gina; Flam Zalcman, Rosely; Nochajski, Thomas H.; Hall, Louise; Dill, Patricia; Wells-Parker, Elisabeth. 2009. "Examining Factors in the Research Institute on Addictions Self-Inventory (RIASI): Associations with Alcohol Use and Problems at Assessment and Follow-Up." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 6, no. 11: 2898-2918.