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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2008, 5(5), 368-377; doi:10.3390/ijerph5050368
Article

The Effects of 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) on the Mortality and Growth of Two Amphibian Species (Xenopus laevis and Pseudacris triseriata)

1,* , 2, 3 and 2
1 Department of Biology, Armstrong Atlantic State University, 11935 Abercorn Street, Savannah, GA 31419, USA 2 Department of Biological Sciences, Kent State University, Kent, OH 44242, USA 3 Department of Biological Sciences, University of Texas at Brownsville, Brownsville, TX 78520, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 May 2008 / Accepted: 10 June 2008 / Published: 31 December 2008
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Abstract

We observed a slight drop in the growth of Xenopus laevis and Pseudacris triseriata larvae following acute exposure (24-48 h) during egg development to three concentrations of TCDD (0.3, 3.0, 30.0 μg/l). Our exposure protocol was modeled on a previous investigation that was designed to mimic the effects of maternal deposition of TCDD. The doses selected were consistent with known rates of maternal transfer between mother and egg using actual adult body burdens from contaminated habitats. Egg and embryonic mortality immediately following exposure increased only among 48 h X. laevis treatments. Control P. triseriata and X. laevis completed metamorphosis more quickly than TCDDtreated animals. The snout-vent length of recently transformed P. triseriata did not differ between treatments although controls were heavier than high-dosed animals. Likewise, the snout-vent length and weight of transformed X. laevis did not differ between control and TCDD treatments. These findings provide additional evidence that amphibians, including P. triseriata and X. laevis are relatively insensitive to acute exposure to TCDD during egg and embryonic development. Although the concentrations selected for this study were relatively high, they were not inconsistent with our current understanding of bioaccumulation via maternal transfer.
Keywords: 2; 3; 7; 8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD); polyhalogenated aromatic hydrocarbons (PHAHs); tadpole development 2; 3; 7; 8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD); polyhalogenated aromatic hydrocarbons (PHAHs); tadpole development
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Collier, A.; Orr, L.; Morris, J.; Blank, J. The Effects of 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) on the Mortality and Growth of Two Amphibian Species (Xenopus laevis and Pseudacris triseriata). Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2008, 5, 368-377.

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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert