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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2007, 4(3), 243-247; doi:10.3390/ijerph2007030008

Qat Habit in Yemen Society: A Causative Factor for Oral Periodontal Diseases

Department of Oral Pathology and Medicine, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Sana’a, Yemen
Received: 14 May 2007 / Accepted: 6 September 2007 / Published: 30 September 2007
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The effect of a common habit among Yemeni population on the periodontal status was investigated. This cross-sectional study was done on 2500 Yemenis with mean age 27.01 years (1818 males and 682 females). Among these 1528 were qat chewers and 972 were non-chewers. Detailed questionnaire and pre-designed scoring system for the periodontal status were employed for each case. Study results indicated that out of 972 non-chewers 116(12%) had periodontal pocketing and 18 (1.9%) cases had gingival recession. On the other hand, out of 1528 chewers, 468 (31.8%) had periodontal pockets and 98 (6.4%) with gum bleeding, p<0.05. These effects were found to increase with increased frequency and duration of chewing. It was concluded that habit of qat can cause damage to the periodontal ligament as pocketing and gum recession.
Keywords: Qat; periodontitis; gingivitis Qat; periodontitis; gingivitis
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Ali, A.A. Qat Habit in Yemen Society: A Causative Factor for Oral Periodontal Diseases. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2007, 4, 243-247.

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