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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2006, 3(4), 360-368; doi:10.3390/ijerph2006030047
Article

Use of Ionizing Radiation Technology for Treating Municipal Wastewater

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Received: 24 February 2005; Accepted: 20 August 2006 / Published: 31 December 2006
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Abstract: In big cities, the cost of treating wastewater is increasing with more stringent environmental requirements. Ionizing radiation technology for treating municipal wastewater may be an alternative to reduce treatment costs. In this paper, laboratory tests were carried out using different doses of radiation to treat wastewater samples collected from the AL-Rustamia wastewater treatment plant in Baghdad city. According to the results, irradiation by gamma radiation with a dose ranging from 100 to 500 krad was efficient in reducing some of the physical contaminants. The organic contaminants were degraded and reduced to about 12% of their original concentrations. Generally, irradiation technology could effectively modify the characteristics of the wastewater to such levels that are compatible with Iraqi disposal standards. The results of the study also showed that, an experimental pilot plant study is required to optimize the cost of wastewater treatment through the use of this technology.
Keywords: Ionizing radiation; wastewater treatment Ionizing radiation; wastewater treatment
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Al-Ani, M.Y.; Al-Khalidy, F.R. Use of Ionizing Radiation Technology for Treating Municipal Wastewater. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2006, 3, 360-368.

AMA Style

Al-Ani MY, Al-Khalidy FR. Use of Ionizing Radiation Technology for Treating Municipal Wastewater. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2006; 3(4):360-368.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Al-Ani, Mohammed Y.; Al-Khalidy, Firas R. 2006. "Use of Ionizing Radiation Technology for Treating Municipal Wastewater." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 3, no. 4: 360-368.


Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert