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Use of Ionizing Radiation Technology for Treating Municipal Wastewater
Department of Environmental Engineering, Al-Mustansyriah University, Baghdad, Iraq
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 February 2005; in revised form: / Accepted: 20 August 2006 / Published: 31 December 2006
Abstract: In big cities, the cost of treating wastewater is increasing with more stringent environmental requirements. Ionizing radiation technology for treating municipal wastewater may be an alternative to reduce treatment costs. In this paper, laboratory tests were carried out using different doses of radiation to treat wastewater samples collected from the AL-Rustamia wastewater treatment plant in Baghdad city. According to the results, irradiation by gamma radiation with a dose ranging from 100 to 500 krad was efficient in reducing some of the physical contaminants. The organic contaminants were degraded and reduced to about 12% of their original concentrations. Generally, irradiation technology could effectively modify the characteristics of the wastewater to such levels that are compatible with Iraqi disposal standards. The results of the study also showed that, an experimental pilot plant study is required to optimize the cost of wastewater treatment through the use of this technology.
Keywords: Ionizing radiation; wastewater treatment
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MDPI and ACS Style
Al-Ani, M.Y.; Al-Khalidy, F.R. Use of Ionizing Radiation Technology for Treating Municipal Wastewater. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2006, 3, 360-368.
Al-Ani MY, Al-Khalidy FR. Use of Ionizing Radiation Technology for Treating Municipal Wastewater. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2006; 3(4):360-368.
Al-Ani, Mohammed Y.; Al-Khalidy, Firas R. 2006. "Use of Ionizing Radiation Technology for Treating Municipal Wastewater." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 3, no. 4: 360-368.