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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(6), 1210; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15061210

Health Professionals Facing Suicidal Patients: What Are Their Clinical Practices?

Center for Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Education Sciences, University of Porto, Porto 4200-135, Portugal
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Received: 10 April 2018 / Revised: 5 June 2018 / Accepted: 5 June 2018 / Published: 8 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Suicide Research)
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Abstract

Clinical work with suicidal people is a demanding area. Little is known about health professionals’ practices when faced with suicidal patients. The aims of this study were to: (1) describe the practices most likely to be adopted by professionals facing a suicidal patient and (2) analyze the differences according to professional characteristics (group, specific training on suicide, and experience with suicidal patients). A self-report questionnaire that was developed for this study was filled out by 239 participants. Participants were psychologists, psychiatrists, and general practitioners who work in different contexts: hospitals, public health centres, schools or colleges, and community centres. Principal components analysis, analyses of variance, and t-tests were used. Four components were identified: (1) Comprehensive risk assessment; (2) protocols, psychotherapy and connectedness; (3) multidisciplinary clinical approach; and, (4) family, explaining a total of variance of 44%. Positive associations between suicide-related variables (training and experience) and practices were found. In general, health professionals’ practices are evidence-based, however a relevant percentage of professionals can benefit from training and improve their practices. View Full-Text
Keywords: health professionals; suicidal patients; clinical practices health professionals; suicidal patients; clinical practices
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Rothes, I.; Henriques, M. Health Professionals Facing Suicidal Patients: What Are Their Clinical Practices? Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1210.

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