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Problematic Use of the Internet and Smartphones in University Students: 2006–2017
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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(3), 504; doi:10.3390/ijerph15030504

Mobile Phone Dependence, Social Support and Impulsivity in Chinese University Students

School of Public Health, Jilin University, Changchun 130021, China
Hepin Street, Dongcheng District, Beijing Center for Disease Prevention and Control, Beijing 100013, China
Guangdong Mental Health Center, Guangdong General Hospital and Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences, Guangzhou 510120, China
Department of Psychiatry, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC 3050, Australia
Division of Psychiatry, Notre Dame university Australia, Fremantle, WA 6160, Australia
Graylands Hospital, Claremont, WA 6010, Australia
Unit of Psychiatry, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Macau, Avenida da Universidade, Taipa, Macau, China
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 January 2018 / Revised: 4 March 2018 / Accepted: 4 March 2018 / Published: 13 March 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Internet and Mobile Phone Addiction: Health and Educational Effects)
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This study examined the frequency of mobile phone dependence in Chinese university students and explored its association with social support and impulsivity. Altogether, 909 university students were consecutively recruited from a large university in China. Mobile phone use, mobile phone dependence, impulsivity, and social support were measured with standardized instruments. The frequency of possible mobile phone use and mobile phone dependence was 78.3% and 7.4%, respectively. Multinomial logistic regression analyses revealed that compared with no mobile phone dependence, possible mobile phone dependence was significantly associated with being male (p = 0.04, OR = 0.7, 95% CI: 0.4–0.98), excessive mobile phone use (p < 0.001, OR = 1.2, 95% CI: 1.09–1.2), and impulsivity (p < 0.001, OR = 1.05, 95% CI: 1.03–1.06), while mobile phone dependence was associated with length of weekly phone use (p = 0.01, OR = 2.5, 95% CI: 1.2–5.0), excessive mobile phone use (p < 0.001, OR = 1.3, 95% CI: 1.2–1.4), and impulsivity (p < 0.001, OR = 1.08, 95% CI: 1.05–1.1). The frequency of possible mobile phone dependence and mobile phone dependence was high in this sample of Chinese university students. A significant positive association with impulsivity was found, but not with social support. View Full-Text
Keywords: mobile phone dependence; mobile phone use; impulsivity; China mobile phone dependence; mobile phone use; impulsivity; China
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Mei, S.; Chai, J.; Wang, S.-B.; Ng, C.H.; Ungvari, G.S.; Xiang, Y.-T. Mobile Phone Dependence, Social Support and Impulsivity in Chinese University Students. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 504.

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