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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(2), 300; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15020300

An Experimental Exploration of the Effects of Exposure to Images of Nature on Rumination

School of Psychology, Faculty of Health & Medical Sciences, University of Surrey, Guildford GU2 7XH, UK
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Received: 23 December 2017 / Revised: 29 January 2018 / Accepted: 5 February 2018 / Published: 9 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Stress and Health)
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Abstract

Exposure to natural environments has been shown to have beneficial effects on mood. Rumination is a thinking style associated with negative mood, and sometimes depression, and is characterized by repetitive, intrusive thoughts, often with a negative emotional element. This study investigated whether exposure to nature, operationalized using photographs presented as a slideshow, could aid reduction in levels of state rumination. An experimental, within-between (Time x Condition) participant design was used; participants (n = 58) undertook a presentation task designed to induce rumination and influence mood. Participants were then randomly allocated to either: watch a slideshow of a natural environment, watch a slideshow of an urban environment, or wait patiently with no distractions. Data were collected at baseline, after the presentation, and after the slideshow. Environmental exposure had no effect on levels of rumination or negative mood, but did have a significant effect on levels of positive mood, ‘being away’, and ‘fascination’. Positive mood declined in those who saw the urban slideshow, but remained the same in those who saw the nature slideshow, whilst levels of being away and fascination were highest in those who saw the nature slideshow. This study extends previous restorative environment research by exploring the effects of nature on rumination. View Full-Text
Keywords: psychological restoration; natural environments; urban environments; restorative environments; rumination; mood psychological restoration; natural environments; urban environments; restorative environments; rumination; mood
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Golding, S.E.; Gatersleben, B.; Cropley, M. An Experimental Exploration of the Effects of Exposure to Images of Nature on Rumination. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 300.

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