Contamination of Tea and Tea Infusion with Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons
AbstractThe aim of this work was to validate the method of determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), i.e., benzo(a)pyrene and sum of benzo(a)pyrene, benz(a)anthracene, benzo(b)fluoranthene and chrysene in different types of tea, as well as to assess the transfer of these contaminants from tea to tea infusion. The research materials were popular types of black, green, red and white tea. Quantitative and qualitative determination of PAHs was performed by High Performance Liquid Chromatography with fluorimetric detection (HPLC-FLD). The samples were prepared by QuEChERS (Quick, Easy, Cheap, Effective, Rugged and Safe) technique followed by cleaning-up by dispersion solid-phase extraction (d-SPE). Values of limit of detection and limit of quantification obtained in the validation of the method were lower than the respective maximum values given in Commission Regulation (EU) No. 836/2011. The level of contamination of popular teas commercially available on the Polish market with PAHs is similar to that of teas available in other countries, with a very large variation in the concentration of each of the compounds. The highest benzo(a)pyrene and Σ4PAHs contents (209 ± 42 μg/kg and 756 ± 151 μg/kg, respectively) were found for black tea leaves. The transfer of Σ4PAHs from black tea to tea infusions was 0.48%, while it was 1.55–1.72% for red, white and green teas. View Full-Text
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Zachara, A.; Gałkowska, D.; Juszczak, L. Contamination of Tea and Tea Infusion with Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 45.
Zachara A, Gałkowska D, Juszczak L. Contamination of Tea and Tea Infusion with Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2018; 15(1):45.Chicago/Turabian Style
Zachara, Alicja; Gałkowska, Dorota; Juszczak, Lesław. 2018. "Contamination of Tea and Tea Infusion with Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 15, no. 1: 45.
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