Relationship between Social Support Networks and Physical Functioning in Older Community-Dwelling Mexicans
AbstractSome studies have demonstrated the relationship between social support networks (SSNs) and health status. In this sense, it has been considered that physical and mental functioning is a key indicator of the health in the age people. The aim of this study was to determine the association between social support networks and physical functioning. A cross-sectional study was carried out including a convenience sample of 150 older community-dwelling Mexicans. We assessed the familial, extra-familial and institutional SSNs; social contacts; the activities of daily living (ADL); the instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs); and physical functioning task (PFT) performance among study participants. Of the 150 older subjects, 53 reported living alone (35%), 113 (75%) reported having few SSNs, and 37 (25%) reported having enough SSNs. Persons with few familial SSNs were at increased odds of demonstrating dependence in at least one of the ADL (OR = 3.25, 95% CI 1.06–9.92, p < 0.05). Likewise, persons with few institutional SSNs and few social contacts were at increased odds of demonstrating dependence in at least one of the IADL (OR = 6.96, 95% CI 1.57–30.7, p < 0.01; OR = 5.02, 95% CI 1.44–17.5, p < 0.01, respectively). We also observed that having few extra-familial SSNs and few social contacts were the main risk factors for PFT dependence, with ORs of 3.70 (95% CI 1.21–11.2, p < 0.05) and 3.85 (95% CI 1.10–13.5, p < 0.05), respectively. Our findings suggest that having few SSNs could be a significant risk factor for reduced physical functioning in older adults. View Full-Text
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Mendoza-Núñez, V.M.; González-Mantilla, F.; Correa-Muñoz, E.; Retana-Ugalde, R. Relationship between Social Support Networks and Physical Functioning in Older Community-Dwelling Mexicans. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 993.
Mendoza-Núñez VM, González-Mantilla F, Correa-Muñoz E, Retana-Ugalde R. Relationship between Social Support Networks and Physical Functioning in Older Community-Dwelling Mexicans. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2017; 14(9):993.Chicago/Turabian Style
Mendoza-Núñez, Víctor M.; González-Mantilla, Fabiola; Correa-Muñoz, Elsa; Retana-Ugalde, Raquel. 2017. "Relationship between Social Support Networks and Physical Functioning in Older Community-Dwelling Mexicans." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 14, no. 9: 993.
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