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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(9), 1029; doi:10.3390/ijerph14091029

How Social Care Beneficiaries in Poland Rate Relative Harmfulness of Various Tobacco and Nicotine-Containing Products

1
Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Medical University of Lodz, 90-647 Lodz, Poland
2
Department of Nutrition in Digestive Tract Diseases, Medical University of Lodz, 93-338 Lodz, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 July 2017 / Revised: 3 September 2017 / Accepted: 4 September 2017 / Published: 7 September 2017
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Abstract

The aim of the study was to examine how social care beneficiaries rate the relative harmfulness of tobacco/nicotine-containing products compared to traditional cigarettes. This information is crucial for the development of effective tobacco control strategies targeting disadvantaged populations. The cross-sectional study covered 1817 respondents who were taking advantage of social aid services offered by the local social care institutions in the Piotrkowski district, via face-to-face interviews. The linear regression analysis indicated that relative to women, men consider slim cigarettes, smokeless tobacco and e-cigarettes to be more harmful than traditional cigarettes (p < 0.05). The smokers of traditional cigarettes reported menthol cigarettes to be less harmful than traditional cigarettes, relative to the non-smokers (p = 0.05). The current results demonstrate that social care beneficiaries are not aware of the fact that some products are less harmful than others. Education concerning tobacco/nicotine products should include advice on how to reduce the adverse health effects of smoking (e.g., avoiding inhalation of combusted products), while driving the awareness that no nicotine-containing products are safe. View Full-Text
Keywords: disadvantaged groups; tobacco control; harm perception; harm reduction; public health education; cigarettes; electronic cigarettes; smokeless tobacco; water pipe disadvantaged groups; tobacco control; harm perception; harm reduction; public health education; cigarettes; electronic cigarettes; smokeless tobacco; water pipe
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Milcarz, M.; Polańska, K.; Bak-Romaniszyn, L.; Kaleta, D. How Social Care Beneficiaries in Poland Rate Relative Harmfulness of Various Tobacco and Nicotine-Containing Products. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 1029.

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