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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(8), 923; doi:10.3390/ijerph14080923

A Youth-Led, Social Marketing Intervention Run by Adolescents to Encourage Healthy Lifestyles among Younger School Peers (EYTO-Kids Project): A Protocol for Pilot Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial (Spain)

1
Health Education and Promotion, Functional Nutrition, Oxidation and Cardiovascular Diseases Group (NFOC-Salut), Facultat de Medicina i Ciències de la Salut, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, C/Sant Llorenç 21, 43204 Reus, Spain
2
Eurecat Reus: Technological Centre of Nutrition and Health (CTNS) -TECNIO-URV-CEICS, Av. Universitat 1, 43204 Reus, Spain
3
Departament de Bioquímica i Biotecnologia, Nutrigenomics Research Group, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, C/Marcel·lí Domingo 1, 43007 Tarragona, Spain
4
Unit of Pharmacology, Facultat de Medicina i Ciències de la Salut, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, C/Sant Llorenç 21, 43204 Reus, Spain
5
CIBERDEM, Hospital Universitari Sant Joan, IISPV, Facultat de Medicina i Ciències de la Salut, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, C/Sant Llorenç 21, 43204 Reus, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 3 July 2017 / Revised: 14 August 2017 / Accepted: 15 August 2017 / Published: 17 August 2017
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Abstract

Introduction: The EYTO-kids (European Youth Tackling Obesity in Adolescents and Children) study aims to increase fruit and/or vegetable consumption and physical activity, decrease sedentary lifestyles, and reduce the intake of sugary drinks and fast food using an innovative methodology based on social marketing and youth involvement. Methods: This study is a pilot school-based cluster randomized controlled 10-month intervention spanning two academic years (2015–2016 and 2016–2017), with eight primary schools and three high schools randomized into and designated the control group and eight primary schools and four high schools designated the intervention group in Reus, Spain. At least 301 younger school peers per group should be included. At the intervention high schools, the adolescent creators (ACs) receive an initial 16-h training session. In total, 26–32 high school ACs (12–14 years) from the four high schools will design and implement four health-promotion activities (1 h/each) for their younger (8–10 years), primary school peers. The control group will not receive any intervention. The outcomes (fruit, vegetable, fast food and sugary drink consumption; physical activity; and sedentary behaviors) of the control and intervention groups will be measured pre- and post-intervention. Conclusion: This study describes a protocol for pilot, peer-led, social marketing and youth-involved intervention, where adolescents design and implement activities for their younger peers to promote healthy lifestyles. View Full-Text
Keywords: healthy school; dietary habits; lifestyles; peer-led model; social marketing strategy healthy school; dietary habits; lifestyles; peer-led model; social marketing strategy
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Tarro, L.; Aceves-Martins, M.; Papell-Garcia, I.; Arola, L.; Giralt, M.; Llauradó, E.; Solà, R. A Youth-Led, Social Marketing Intervention Run by Adolescents to Encourage Healthy Lifestyles among Younger School Peers (EYTO-Kids Project): A Protocol for Pilot Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial (Spain). Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 923.

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