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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(8), 893; doi:10.3390/ijerph14080893

The Relationship between Lifestyle Factors and Body Compositionin Young Adults

1
Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Zagreb, 10 000 Zagreb, Croatia
2
Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Zagreb, 10 000 Zagreb, Croatia
3
Boutique Fitnes Studio “Vježbaonica”, Center for Recreationand Fitness, 10 000 Zagreb, Croatia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 July 2017 / Revised: 3 August 2017 / Accepted: 5 August 2017 / Published: 8 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Health Behavior, Chronic Disease and Health Promotion)
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Abstract

Background: Little is known of how lifestyle factors might influence on body composition parameters in young adults from Croatia. The main purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationship between the lifestyle factors and body composition in young adults. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, participants were 271 university students (59.0% of women). Body composition was measured by using bioelectric impendance analysis (BIA). Blood pressure and heart rate were measured according to standardized protocol and Mediterranean diet adherence (MD), physical activity (PA) and psychological distress (PD) were assessed with validated questionnaires. Results: Self-rated health (SRH) and PA were inversely associated with weight, body-mass index (BMI), fat-mass percentage and blood pressure in men and with weight, BMI, fat-mass percentage and heart rate in women. Higher levels of SRH and PA were positively associated with fat-free mass percentage in both men and women. Smoking was positively associatedwith BMI and fat-mass percentage in women and with heart rate in men. Alcohol consumption was positively associated with weight and BMI in women and fat-mass percentage and heart rate in men, yet inversely associated with fat-free mass percentage only in men. PD was positively associated with weight and blood pressure in men and with BMI, fat-mass percentage and blood pressure in women. Conclusions: Our study shows that higher levels of SRH, MD and PA are related with healthy body composition parameters in young adults. Special interventions and policies that enhance PA and MD and decrease substance use and misuse (SUM) and PD should be implemented within the university school systems. View Full-Text
Keywords: university students; body composition; substance use; physical activity; diet university students; body composition; substance use; physical activity; diet
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Štefan, L.; Čule, M.; Milinović, I.; Juranko, D.; Sporiš, G. The Relationship between Lifestyle Factors and Body Compositionin Young Adults. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 893.

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