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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(8), 878; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14080878

Program Development and Effectiveness of Workplace Health Promotion Program for Preventing Metabolic Syndrome among Office Workers

1
College of Nursing, Korea University, Seoul 02841, Korea
2
Department of Nursing, Inje University, Busan 47392, Korea
3
School of Nursing, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Adrian Loerbroks
Received: 4 June 2017 / Revised: 30 July 2017 / Accepted: 31 July 2017 / Published: 4 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Occupational Safety and Health)
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Abstract

This paper aims to develop and analyze the effects of a socio-ecological model-based intervention program for preventing metabolic syndrome (MetS) among office workers. The intervention program was developed using regular health examinations, a “health behavior and need” assessment survey among workers, and a focus group study. According to the type of intervention, subjects took part in three groups: health education via an intranet-based web magazine (Group 1), self-monitoring with the U-health system (Group 2), and the target population who received intensive intervention (Group 3). The intervention programs of Group 1 and Group 2, which relied on voluntary participation, did not show significant effects. In Group 3, which relied on targeted and proactive programs, showed a decrease in waist circumference and in fasting glucose (p < 0.001). The MetS score in both males (−0.61 ± 3.35 versus −2.32 ± 2.55, p = 0.001) and females (−3.99 ± 2.05 versus −5.50 ± 2.19, p = 0.028) also showed a statistically significant decrease. In light of the effectiveness of the intensive intervention strategy for metabolic syndrome prevention among workers used in this study, companies should establish targeted and proactive health care programs rather than providing a healthcare system that is dependent on an individual’s voluntary participation. View Full-Text
Keywords: metabolic syndrome; office workers; intervention program; effectiveness metabolic syndrome; office workers; intervention program; effectiveness
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Ryu, H.; Jung, J.; Cho, J.; Chin, D.L. Program Development and Effectiveness of Workplace Health Promotion Program for Preventing Metabolic Syndrome among Office Workers. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 878.

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