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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(8), 871; doi:10.3390/ijerph14080871

The Combined Effects of Aircraft and Road Traffic Noise and Aircraft and Railway Noise on Noise Annoyance—An Analysis in the Context of the Joint Research Initiative NORAH

1
German Environment Agency (Formerly Ruhr-Universität Bochum), Wörlitzer Platz 1, 06844 Dessau-Roßlau, Germany
2
ZEUS GmbH, Zentrum für Angewandte Psychologie, Umwelt- und Sozialforschung, Sennbrink 46, 58093 Hagen, Germany
3
Möhler & Partner Ingenieure AG, Landaubogen 10, 81373 München, Germany
4
Faculty of Psychology, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, 44801 Bochum, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 April 2017 / Revised: 21 July 2017 / Accepted: 27 July 2017 / Published: 2 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Combined Health Effects of Environmental Exposures)
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Abstract

The Noise Related Annoyance Cognition and Health (NORAH) research initiative is one of the most extensive studies on the physiological and psychological long-term effects of transportation noise in Europe. It includes research on the quality of life and annoyance as well as cardiovascular effects, sleep disturbance, breast cancer, blood pressure, depression and the cognitive development of children. Within the realm of the annoyance module of the study approximately 10,000 residents of the Rhine-Main district were surveyed on the combined effects of transportation noise. This included combined noise from aircraft and road traffic noise (N = 4905), or aircraft and railway noise (N = 4777). Results show that judgment of the total noise annoyance of participants was strongly determined by the sound source which was judged as more annoying (in this case aircraft noise). To a lesser extent, the average sound pressure level of the two present sources was also of relevance. View Full-Text
Keywords: combined noise effects; noise annoyance; total noise annoyance; transportation noise; exposure-response-relationship; NORAH combined noise effects; noise annoyance; total noise annoyance; transportation noise; exposure-response-relationship; NORAH
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wothge, J.; Belke, C.; Möhler, U.; Guski, R.; Schreckenberg, D. The Combined Effects of Aircraft and Road Traffic Noise and Aircraft and Railway Noise on Noise Annoyance—An Analysis in the Context of the Joint Research Initiative NORAH. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 871.

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