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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(7), 719; doi:10.3390/ijerph14070719

Health Risks Associated with Exposure to Filamentous Fungi

1
Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Science and Technology, North-West University, Private Bag X2046, Mmabatho 2735, South Africa
2
Southern Cross Plant Science, Southern Cross University, Lismore, NSW 2480, Australia
3
Department of Animal Health, Faculty of Agriculture, Science and Technology, North-West University, Private Bag X2046, Mmabatho 2735, South Africa
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 May 2017 / Revised: 19 June 2017 / Accepted: 23 June 2017 / Published: 4 July 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Environmental Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [331 KB, uploaded 4 July 2017]

Abstract

Filamentous fungi occur widely in the environment, contaminating soil, air, food and other substrates. Due to their wide distribution, they have medical and economic implications. Regardless of their use as a source of antibiotics, vitamins and raw materials for various industrially important chemicals, most fungi and filamentous fungi produce metabolites associated with a range of health risks, both in humans and in animals. The association of filamentous fungi and their metabolites to different negative health conditions in humans and animals, has contributed to the importance of investigating different health risks induced by this family of heterotrophs. This review aims to discuss health risks associated with commonly occurring filamentous fungal species which belong to genera Aspergillus, Penicillium and Fusarium, as well as evaluating their pathogenicity and mycotoxic properties. View Full-Text
Keywords: mycotoxicity; infections; Aspergillus; Fusarium; Penicillium mycotoxicity; infections; Aspergillus; Fusarium; Penicillium
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Egbuta, M.A.; Mwanza, M.; Babalola, O.O. Health Risks Associated with Exposure to Filamentous Fungi. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 719.

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