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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(6), 580; doi:10.3390/ijerph14060580

The Effects of the Global Economic Recession and a Reduced Alcohol Tax on Hospitalizations Due to Alcohol-Attributed Diseases in Taiwan

1
Department of Applied Statistics and Information Science, Ming Chuan University, Taipei 333, Taiwan
2
Department of Healthcare Information and Management, Ming Chuan University, Taipei 333, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 April 2017 / Revised: 25 May 2017 / Accepted: 26 May 2017 / Published: 30 May 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Alcohol and Health)
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Abstract

This study is to assess the effects of the 2008 economic crisis and a 2009 alcohol tax reduction on alcohol-related morbidity for men of different socioeconomic statuses in Taiwan. Admissions data for the period from 2007 to 2012 for men aged 24–59 years in 2007 was retrieved from the National Health Insurance Research Database. With stratification over three income levels, an interrupted time-series analysis examining the effects of the crisis and taxation reduction on incidence rates of hospitalization for alcohol-attributed diseases (AADs) was employed. The low income group showed a significant (p < 0.05) change in the rate of AAD-related hospitalizations in July 2008; specifically, an abrupt 7.11% increase that was then sustained for several months thereafter. In contrast, while the middle income group exhibited a significant 22.9% decline in the rate of AAD-related hospitalizations over the course of the crisis, that downward trend was gradual. The reduction of the alcohol tax resulted in increased rates of AADs among both the low and high income groups. The economic recession and the reduction of the alcohol tax resulted in an increased rate of AAD among low income men. View Full-Text
Keywords: alcohol-attributed disease; morbidity; economic recession; time-series; ARIMA alcohol-attributed disease; morbidity; economic recession; time-series; ARIMA
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MDPI and ACS Style

Liao, C.-M.; Lin, C.-M. The Effects of the Global Economic Recession and a Reduced Alcohol Tax on Hospitalizations Due to Alcohol-Attributed Diseases in Taiwan. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 580.

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