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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(6), 565; doi:10.3390/ijerph14060565

Gender Differences of Arterial Stiffness and Arterial Age in Smokers

1
Department of Functional Sciences, “Victor Babes” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 300173 Timisoara, Romania
2
Center for Translational Research and Systems Medicine, “Victor Babes” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 300173 Timisoara, Romania
3
Institute of Statistics, University of Valparaiso, 234000 Valparaíso, Chile
4
2nd Department of Internal Medicine, “Victor Babes” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 300723 Timisoara, Romania
5
Department of Applied Statistics, Johannes Kepler University, 4040 Linz, Austria
6
Linz Institute of Technology, Johannes Kepler University, 4040 Linz, Austria
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 18 February 2017 / Revised: 7 May 2017 / Accepted: 23 May 2017 / Published: 26 May 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Global Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [299 KB, uploaded 26 May 2017]

Abstract

The present study aimed to find gender differences for arterial stiffness and arterial aging in smokers. A total of 147 smokers (71 male and 76 female, matched for age) were explored using an Arteriograph in a cross-sectional survey. Pulse wave velocity (PWV), arterial age (AA), brachial and aortic augmentation index (AixBrach, AixAo), and blood pressure variables were assessed. Data about smoking intensity, such as the number of cigarettes smoked daily, smoking period, and smoking pack years (SPY) were used. No significant differences were found for PWV, AA, AixBrach and AixAo. Significant correlations were found between SPY and PWV, augmentation indices, and AA, respectively. The cut-off values for SPY were higher for an increased arterial stiffness in male compared to female smokers (18.5 and 7.5 pack year, respectively). SPY is significantly associated with an increased arterial stiffness in smokers regardless of gender, and with an increased SBPAo only in female smokers. The results of our study indicate gender differences for arterial stiffness and arterial age in smokers. View Full-Text
Keywords: smoking; arterial stiffness; pulse wave velocity; arterial age; blood pressure; male; female smoking; arterial stiffness; pulse wave velocity; arterial age; blood pressure; male; female
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Mozos, I.; Maidana, J.P.; Stoian, D.; Stehlik, M. Gender Differences of Arterial Stiffness and Arterial Age in Smokers. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 565.

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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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