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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(5), 538; doi:10.3390/ijerph14050538

Cu Isotopic Composition in Surface Environments and in Biological Systems: A Critical Review

1
State Key Laboratory of Environmental Geochemistry, Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guiyang 550081, China
2
Institute of Surface-Earth System Science Research, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Susanne Charlesworth
Received: 31 March 2017 / Revised: 11 May 2017 / Accepted: 11 May 2017 / Published: 18 May 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Environmental Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [870 KB, uploaded 18 May 2017]   |  

Abstract

Copper (Cu) is a transition metal and an essential micronutrient for organisms, but also one of the most widespread toxic inorganic contaminants at very high content. The research on Cu isotopes has grown rapidly in the last decade. Hitherto, a large number of studies have been published on the theoretical fractionation mechanisms, experimental data and natural variations of Cu isotopes in variable environments and ecosystems. These studies reported a large variation of δ65Cu (−16.49 to +20.04‰) in terrestrial samples and showed that Cu isotopes could be fractionated by various biogeochemical processes to different extent. Several papers have previously reviewed the coupling of Cu and Zn isotope systematics, and we give here a tentative review of the recent publications only on Cu isotopesin variable surface repositories, animals and human beings, with a goal to attract much attention to research on Cu (and other metals) behaviors in the environment and biological systems. View Full-Text
Keywords: Cu isotopic composition; environment; biological systems Cu isotopic composition; environment; biological systems
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Wang, Z.; Chen, J.; Zhang, T. Cu Isotopic Composition in Surface Environments and in Biological Systems: A Critical Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 538.

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