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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(5), 534;

Predictors of Segmented School Day Physical Activity and Sedentary Time in Children from a Northwest England Low-Income Community

Physical Activity and Health Research Group, Department of Sport and Physical Activity, Edge Hill University, St. Helens Road, Ormskirk, Lancs L39 4QP, UK
Physical Activity Exchange, Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool L3 2AT, UK
School of Arts Education & Movement, Dublin City University Institute of Education, St. Patrick’s Campus, Dublin, Ireland
Department of Physical Education and Sports Science, University of Limerick, Limerick, Ireland
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 29 March 2017 / Revised: 26 April 2017 / Accepted: 13 May 2017 / Published: 16 May 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Paediatric Exercise Science and Health)
Full-Text   |   PDF [340 KB, uploaded 16 May 2017]


Background: Schools have been identified as important settings for health promotion through physical activity participation, particularly as children are insufficiently active for health. The aim of this study was to investigate the child and school-level influences on children′s physical activity levels and sedentary time during school hours in a sample of children from a low-income community; Methods: One hundred and eighty-six children (110 boys) aged 9–10 years wore accelerometers for 7 days, with 169 meeting the inclusion criteria of 16 h∙day−1 for a minimum of three week days. Multilevel prediction models were constructed to identify significant predictors of sedentary time, light, and moderate to vigorous physical activity during school hour segments. Child-level predictors (sex, weight status, maturity offset, cardiorespiratory fitness, physical activity self-efficacy, physical activity enjoyment) and school-level predictors (number on roll, playground area, provision score) were entered into the models; Results: Maturity offset, fitness, weight status, waist circumference-to-height ratio, sedentary time, moderate to vigorous physical activity, number of children on roll and playground area significantly predicted physical activity and sedentary time; Conclusions: Research should move towards considering context-specific physical activity and its correlates to better inform intervention strategies. View Full-Text
Keywords: physical activity; schools; children; accelerometer physical activity; schools; children; accelerometer
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Taylor, S.L.; Curry, W.B.; Knowles, Z.R.; Noonan, R.J.; McGrane, B.; Fairclough, S.J. Predictors of Segmented School Day Physical Activity and Sedentary Time in Children from a Northwest England Low-Income Community. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 534.

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