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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(5), 482; doi:10.3390/ijerph14050482

Prevalence of Rotavirus Genogroup A and Norovirus Genogroup II in Bassaseachic Falls National Park Surface Waters in Chihuahua, Mexico

1
Laboratorio de Biotecnología, Facultad de Ciencias Químicas, Universidad Autónoma de Chihuahua, Circuito Nuevo Campus Universitario No.1, Chihuahua 31125, Mexico
2
Departamento de Microbiología e Inmunología, Facultad de Ciencias Biológicas, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Ave. Universidad s/n, San Nicolás de los Garza 66455, Mexico
3
Comisión Nacional de Áreas Naturales Protegidas, Dirección Regional Norte y Sierra Madre Occidental, Parque Nacional Cascada de Bassaseachic, Ocampo, Chihuahua 31203, Mexico
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 13 February 2017 / Revised: 24 April 2017 / Accepted: 26 April 2017 / Published: 5 May 2017
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Abstract

In areas lacking potable water treatment, drinking contaminated water may represent a public health threat. In addition to enteropathogenic bacteria and parasites, fecal contamination in water environments is associated with the transmission of enteric viruses and other causal agents of infectious disease. Rotavirus and norovirus are the main enteric viral agents responsible for diarrheic outbreaks. The aim of the present study was to detect seasonal variation of rotavirus and norovirus in the surface water at Bassaseachic Falls National Park during 2013. Rivers and streams within and nearby this park were sampled once in each season during 2013. Viral concentration was carried out by a handmade filtration equipment, using a commercial electropositive membrane coupled with the virus absortion elution technique (VIRADEL©). Detection of rotavirus and norovirus was performed by SYBR Green reverse transcription-real time polymerase chain reaction (SYBR GREEN© RT-qPCR) analyses. Norovirus genogroup II was detected in samples collected in June and October 2013. In the case of rotavirus, genogroup A was detected in March and June. The presence of rotavirus and norovirus was related to viral acute diarrhea in children less than five years of age, who were inhabiting the sampled areas. This may indicates that the contaminated water was potentially a risk factor for regional diarrheic outbreaks. View Full-Text
Keywords: norovirus; rotavirus; surface water; VIRADEL; virus detection; environment norovirus; rotavirus; surface water; VIRADEL; virus detection; environment
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MDPI and ACS Style

Delgado-Gardea, M.C.E.; Tamez-Guerra, P.; Gomez-Flores, R.; Mendieta-Mendoza, A.; Zavala-Díaz de la Serna, F.J.; Contreras-Cordero, J.F.; Erosa-de la Vega, G.; Pérez-Recoder, M.C.; Sánchez-Ramírez, B.; González-Horta, C.; Infante-Ramírez, R. Prevalence of Rotavirus Genogroup A and Norovirus Genogroup II in Bassaseachic Falls National Park Surface Waters in Chihuahua, Mexico. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 482.

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