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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(4), 422; doi:10.3390/ijerph14040422

A Cross-Sectional Study on Selected Correlates of High risk Sexual Behavior in Polish Migrants Resident in the United Kingdom

1
Department of Epidemiology and Management, Pomeranian Medical University, 70-204 Szczecin, Poland
2
Department of Applied Psychology, Polish University Abroad, London W6 0RF, UK
3
Department of Methods of Artificial Intelligence and Applied Mathematics, West Pomeranian University of Technology, 71-210 Szczecin, Poland
4
Department of Computer Science and Education Quality Research, Pomeranian Medical University, 70-204 Szczecin, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Jimmy T. Efird and Pollie Bith-Melander
Received: 16 February 2017 / Revised: 2 April 2017 / Accepted: 10 April 2017 / Published: 14 April 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Refugee Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [321 KB, uploaded 14 April 2017]

Abstract

Objective: To assess the correlates of the high risk sexual behaviors of Polish migrants in the United Kingdom (UK) after 2004, and to compare such behaviors before/after immigration. Methods: In 2013, a cross-sectional study was conducted through the use of a Computer-assisted web interviewing surveying technique with the use of a self-administered questionnaire. Results: Among 408 respondents (56.9% women), with a median age of 32 years, significantly more admitted to having unprotected sexual contact with a casual partner while in the UK (p < 0.0001) than while in Poland; more were engaged in sex after the use of recreational drugs and alcohol (p < 0.0001 and p = 0.001 respectively). Being a male was associated with greater odds of unprotected sex, sex after the use of alcohol, and having multiple partners. Being single and having only been a resident for a short time in the UK, presenting a lower self-esteem, were predictors of unprotected sex. A total of 19.6% of the respondents admitted to having been tested while in Poland, a lower (p < 0.0001) frequency than while in the UK (49.5%); this referred to both genders; 1.2% (95% CI: 0.79–2.83%) reported that they were HIV positive. Conclusions: Migration can create a vulnerability to STIs, especially for single male migrants with low self-esteem, staying in the UK for less than two years. The results point to strengthening strategies which help reduce high risk sexual behavior among Polish migrants, and to introduce interventions to promote an awareness of HIV sero-status. View Full-Text
Keywords: migrants; UK; risky sexual behavior; determinants; HIV infection migrants; UK; risky sexual behavior; determinants; HIV infection
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Ganczak, M.; Czubińska, G.; Korzeń, M.; Szych, Z. A Cross-Sectional Study on Selected Correlates of High risk Sexual Behavior in Polish Migrants Resident in the United Kingdom. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 422.

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