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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(4), 351; doi:10.3390/ijerph14040351

Modeling the Relationship between Safety Climate and Safety Performance in a Developing Construction Industry: A Cross-Cultural Validation Study

1
Department of Building and Real Estate, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon, Hong Kong 999077, China
2
Department of Construction Engineering and Management, National University of Sciences and Technology, Risalpur Campus, Risalpur 24080, Pakistan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 17 November 2016 / Revised: 23 March 2017 / Accepted: 25 March 2017 / Published: 28 March 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Effecting a Safe and Healthy Environment in Construction)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1371 KB, uploaded 28 March 2017]   |  

Abstract

This study attempts to validate a safety performance (SP) measurement model in the cross-cultural setting of a developing country. In addition, it highlights the variations in investigating the relationship between safety climate (SC) factors and SP indicators. The data were collected from forty under-construction multi-storey building projects in Pakistan. Based on the results of exploratory factor analysis, a SP measurement model was hypothesized. It was tested and validated by conducting confirmatory factor analysis on calibration and validation sub-samples respectively. The study confirmed the significant positive impact of SC on safety compliance and safety participation, and negative impact on number of self-reported accidents/injuries. However, number of near-misses could not be retained in the final SP model because it attained a lower standardized path coefficient value. Moreover, instead of safety participation, safety compliance established a stronger impact on SP. The study uncovered safety enforcement and promotion as a novel SC factor, whereas safety rules and work practices was identified as the most neglected factor. The study contributed to the body of knowledge by unveiling the deviations in existing dimensions of SC and SP. The refined model is expected to concisely measure the SP in the Pakistani construction industry, however, caution must be exercised while generalizing the study results to other developing countries. View Full-Text
Keywords: safety climate; safety performance; modeling; cross-validation; construction industry; Pakistan; developing countries safety climate; safety performance; modeling; cross-validation; construction industry; Pakistan; developing countries
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Zahoor, H.; Chan, A.P.C.; Utama, W.P.; Gao, R.; Zafar, I. Modeling the Relationship between Safety Climate and Safety Performance in a Developing Construction Industry: A Cross-Cultural Validation Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 351.

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