Next Article in Journal
The Empirical Relationship between Mining Industry Development and Environmental Pollution in China
Next Article in Special Issue
Health of the Elderly Migration Population in China: Benefit from Individual and Local Socioeconomic Status?
Previous Article in Journal
Unequal Distribution of Overweight Adolescents in Immigrant-Rich Areas: Analysis of Disparities among Public and Private School Students in Shanghai, China
Previous Article in Special Issue
Determinants of Health Care Services Utilization among First Generation Afghan Migrants in Istanbul
Article Menu
Issue 3 (March) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(3), 255; doi:10.3390/ijerph14030255

Smoking Trends among U.S. Latinos, 1998–2013: The Impact of Immigrant Arrival Cohort

1
Sociology Department and Environmental Science & Policy Program, Chapman University, Orange, CA 92866, USA
2
Program in Public Health, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697, USA
3
Center for Social Epidemiology and Population Health, Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Jimmy T. Efird and Pollie Bith-Melander
Received: 31 October 2016 / Accepted: 25 February 2017 / Published: 2 March 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Refugee Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [433 KB, uploaded 3 March 2017]   |  

Abstract

Few studies examine nativity disparities in smoking in the U.S., thus a major gap remains in understanding whether immigrant Latinos’ smoking prevalence is stable, converging, or diverging, compared with U.S.-born Latinos. This study aimed to disentangle the roles of period changes, duration of U.S. residence, and immigrant arrival cohort in explaining the gap in smoking prevalence between foreign-born and U.S.-born Latinos. Using repeated cross-sectional data spanning 1998–2013 (U.S. National Health Interview Survey), regressions predicted current smoking among foreign-born and U.S.-born Latino men and women (n = 12,492). We contrasted findings from conventional regression analyses that simply include period and duration of residence effects, to two methods of assessing arrival cohort effects: the first accounted for baseline differences in smoking among arrival cohorts, while the second examined smoking probabilities by tracking foreign-born arrival cohorts as they increase their duration of U.S. residence. Findings showed that Latino immigrants maintained lower prevalence of current smoking compared with U.S.-born Latinos over the period 1998–2013, and that longer duration of U.S. residence is associated with lower odds of smoking among men. Two findings are particularly novel: (1) accounting for immigrant arrival cohort dampens the overall protective effect of duration of residence among men; and (2) the earliest arrival cohort of Latino immigrant men experienced the steepest decline in smoking over duration of U.S. residence. Results have methodological and theoretical implications for smoking studies and the Latino mortality paradox. View Full-Text
Keywords: smoking; migration; Hispanic paradox; acculturation; cohort effects smoking; migration; Hispanic paradox; acculturation; cohort effects
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Bostean, G.; Ro, A.; Fleischer, N.L. Smoking Trends among U.S. Latinos, 1998–2013: The Impact of Immigrant Arrival Cohort. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 255.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top