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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(3), 253; doi:10.3390/ijerph14030253

Risk Estimates and Risk Factors Related to Psychiatric Inpatient Suicide—An Overview

1
Danish Research Institute for Suicide Prevention, Copenhagen Mental Health center, 2900 Hellerup, Denmark
2
Department of Mental Health, Bloomberg Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
3
Institute of Regional Health Research, University of Southern Denmark, 5000 Odense, Denmark
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Rory O’Connor and Gwendolyn Portzky
Received: 25 January 2017 / Accepted: 22 February 2017 / Published: 2 March 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue From Understanding Suicide Risk to Preventing Suicide)
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Abstract

People with mental illness have an increased risk of suicide. The aim of this paper is to provide an overview of suicide risk estimates among psychiatric inpatients based on the body of evidence found in scientific peer-reviewed literature; primarily focusing on the relative risks, rates, time trends, and socio-demographic and clinical risk factors of suicide in psychiatric inpatients. Psychiatric inpatients have a very high risk of suicide relative to the background population, but it remains challenging for clinicians to identify those patients that are most likely to die from suicide during admission. Most studies are based on low power, thus compromising quality and generalisability. The few studies with sufficient statistical power mainly identified non-modifiable risk predictors such as male gender, diagnosis, or recent deliberate self-harm. Also, the predictive value of these predictors is low. It would be of great benefit if future studies would be based on large samples while focusing on modifiable predictors over the course of an admission, such as hopelessness, depressive symptoms, and family/social situations. This would improve our chances of developing better risk assessment tools. View Full-Text
Keywords: suicide; psychiatric inpatients; epidemiology; review suicide; psychiatric inpatients; epidemiology; review
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Madsen, T.; Erlangsen, A.; Nordentoft, M. Risk Estimates and Risk Factors Related to Psychiatric Inpatient Suicide—An Overview. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 253.

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