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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(3), 243; doi:10.3390/ijerph14030243

A Novel Therapy for People Who Attempt Suicide and Why We Need New Models of Suicide

1
University Hospital of Psychiatry, Outpatient Department, 3008 Bern, Switzerland
2
Private Practice, 3400 Burgdorf, Switzerland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Rory O’Connor and Gwendolyn Portzky
Received: 16 December 2016 / Revised: 21 February 2017 / Accepted: 24 February 2017 / Published: 1 March 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue From Understanding Suicide Risk to Preventing Suicide)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [672 KB, uploaded 1 March 2017]   |  

Abstract

This paper presents a model of suicidal behaviour based on suicide as a goal-directed action, and its implications. An action theoretical model has guided the authors in the development of a brief therapy for individuals who attempt suicide (ASSIP—Attempted Suicide Short Intervention Program). Key elements are an early therapeutic alliance, narrative interviewing, psychoeducation, a joint case conceptualization, safety planning, and regular letters over 24 months. In a randomized controlled trial, ASSIP was highly effective in reducing the risk of suicide reattempts. The therapeutic elements in this treatment are described and possible implications for future directions in clinical suicide prevention discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: attempted suicide; suicide; suicide prevention; action theory; narrative interview; psychotherapy attempted suicide; suicide; suicide prevention; action theory; narrative interview; psychotherapy
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MDPI and ACS Style

Michel, K.; Valach, L.; Gysin-Maillart, A. A Novel Therapy for People Who Attempt Suicide and Why We Need New Models of Suicide. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 243.

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