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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(3), 220; doi:10.3390/ijerph14030220

Influencing Factors of the Body Mass Index of Elementary Students in Southern Taiwan

1
Department of Nursing, National Tainan Junior College of Nursing, No. 78, Min-Tsu Rd. Sec. 2, Tainan 700, Taiwan
2
Department of Respiratory Care, Graduate Institute of Nursing, Chang Gung University of Science and Technology, Chiayi Campus, West Sec., Jiapu Rd., Puzi City 61363, Chiayi County, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Tetsuji Yamada and Chia-Ching Chen
Received: 23 December 2016 / Revised: 29 January 2017 / Accepted: 29 January 2017 / Published: 23 February 2017
(This article belongs to the Collection Health Behavior and Public Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [308 KB, uploaded 23 February 2017]

Abstract

The body mass index (BMI) of school children in Taiwan is markedly increasing. According to statistical data from the Taiwan Ministry of Education, the prevalence of obesity in school children from the southern part of the country is the highest in Taiwan. Thus, exploring the factors influencing BMI in elementary school children from southern Taiwan is crucial. This study investigated the influencing factors including physical activity levels, sedentary behaviors, dietary habits, and perceived body shape on the BMIs of elementary school children from southern Taiwan. A cross-sectional design was used, and the participants consisted of 3251 fifth-grade students (1628 boys, 50.1%; 1623 girls, 49.9%). The average BMI values for boys and girls were 19.69 and 18.70 (kg/cm) respectively. Statistically significant associations were observed between BMI and sex, 31–60 min of daily vigorous or moderate physical activities levels, length of time spent watching television, time spent on video games or the computer, and intake of vegetable or meat gravy with rice (p < 0.001). Perceived body shape also affected the BMI of school children. The results of this study enable educational institutions in Taiwan to understand the factors affecting the BMI of school children and use this information as the basis for future healthy body weight policies. View Full-Text
Keywords: school children; body mass index (BMI); healthy body weight; health promotion school children; body mass index (BMI); healthy body weight; health promotion
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Chou, L.-N.; Chen, M.-L. Influencing Factors of the Body Mass Index of Elementary Students in Southern Taiwan. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 220.

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