Next Article in Journal
Toward a More Sustainable Trajectory for E-Waste Policy: A Review of a Decade of E-Waste Research in Accra, Ghana
Next Article in Special Issue
Mosquitocidal Activity and Mode of Action of the Isoxazoline Fluralaner
Previous Article in Journal
PM2.5-Induced Oxidative Stress and Mitochondrial Damage in the Nasal Mucosa of Rats
Previous Article in Special Issue
Malpighian Tubules as Novel Targets for Mosquito Control
Article Menu
Issue 2 (February) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(2), 124; doi:10.3390/ijerph14020124

Current and Future Repellent Technologies: The Potential of Spatial Repellents and Their Place in Mosquito-Borne Disease Control

Department of Entomology, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul J. Linser
Received: 1 December 2016 / Revised: 19 January 2017 / Accepted: 22 January 2017 / Published: 29 January 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mosquito Control Innovations into The 21st Century)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [937 KB, uploaded 29 January 2017]   |  

Abstract

Every year, approximately 700,000 people die from complications associated with etiologic disease agents transmitted by mosquitoes. While insecticide-based vector control strategies are important for the management of mosquito-borne diseases, insecticide-resistance and other logistical hurdles may lower the efficacy of this approach, especially in developing countries. Repellent technologies represent another fundamental aspect of preventing mosquito-borne disease transmission. Among these technologies, spatial repellents are promising alternatives to the currently utilized contact repellents and may significantly aid in the prevention of mosquito-borne disease if properly incorporated into integrated pest management approaches. As their deployment would not rely on prohibitively expensive or impractical novel accessory technologies and resources, they have potential utility in developing countries where the burden of mosquito-borne disease is most prevalent. This review aims to describe the history of various repellent technologies, highlight the potential of repellent technologies in preventing the spread of mosquito-borne disease, and discuss currently known mechanisms that confer resistance to current contact and spatial repellents, which may lead to the failures of these repellents. In the subsequent section, current and future research projects aimed at exploring long-lasting non-pyrethroid spatial repellent molecules along with new paradigms and rationale for their development will be discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: repellent; DEET; para-menthane-3,8-diol; mosquito; disease; pyrethroid; biorational; spatial; contact; resistance repellent; DEET; para-menthane-3,8-diol; mosquito; disease; pyrethroid; biorational; spatial; contact; resistance
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Norris, E.J.; Coats, J.R. Current and Future Repellent Technologies: The Potential of Spatial Repellents and Their Place in Mosquito-Borne Disease Control. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 124.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top