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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(12), 1598; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14121598

The Effect of Environmental Regulation on Employment in Resource-Based Areas of China—An Empirical Research Based on the Mediating Effect Model

Department of Management Science and Engineering, School of Business, Jiangnan University, 1800 Lihu Avenue, Wuxi 214122, China
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Received: 13 November 2017 / Revised: 14 December 2017 / Accepted: 15 December 2017 / Published: 19 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Decision Models in Green Growth and Sustainable Development)
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Abstract

While environmental pollution is becoming more and more serious, many countries are adopting policies to control pollution. At the same time, the environmental regulation will inevitably affect economic and social development, especially employment growth. The environmental regulation will not only affect the scale of employment directly, but it will also have indirect effects by stimulating upgrades in the industrial structure and in technological innovation. This paper examines the impact of environmental regulation on employment, using a mediating model based on the data from five typical resource-based provinces in China from 2000 to 2015. The estimation is performed based on the system GMM (Generalized Method of Moments) estimator. The results show that the implementation of environmental regulation in resource-based areas has both a direct effect and a mediating effect on employment. These findings provide policy implications for these resource-based areas to promote the coordinating development between the environment and employment. View Full-Text
Keywords: employment effect; environmental regulation; mediating effect; system GMM employment effect; environmental regulation; mediating effect; system GMM
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Cao, W.; Wang, H.; Ying, H. The Effect of Environmental Regulation on Employment in Resource-Based Areas of China—An Empirical Research Based on the Mediating Effect Model. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 1598.

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