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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(12), 1588; doi:10.3390/ijerph14121588

Attitudinal, Behavioral, and Environmental Correlates of Child and Parent Self-Efficacy in Walking to School

Department of Forest Resources and Landscape Architecture, Yeungnam University, 280 Daehak-Ro, Gyeongsan, Gyeongbuk 38541, Korea
Department of Landscape Architecture and Urban Planning, Texas A&M University, 3137 TAMU, College Station, TX 77843-3137, USA
Department of Childhood Studies, Rutgers University, 405-7 Cooper Street, Camden, NJ 08102, USA
Department of Pediatrics, University of Washington, 1959 NE Pacific St, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
Seattle Children’s Research Institute, 1900 9th Ave, Seattle, WA 98101, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 22 October 2017 / Revised: 12 December 2017 / Accepted: 13 December 2017 / Published: 17 December 2017
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As a critical social cognitive construct, self-efficacy plays a determinant role in children’s walking to school (WTS). However, little is known about factors that are underlying children’s and parents’ self-efficacy in WTS. The purpose of this study is to examine behavioral, attitudinal, and environmental correlates of child self-efficacy and parent self-efficacy in WTS, and to assess differences in the correlates of child versus parent self-efficacy. Data were collected from students (N = 1224) and parents (N = 1205) from 81 elementary schools across Texas in 2009–2012. Binary logistic regressions were conducted to identify significant factors that are associated with children’s self-efficacy and parents’ self-efficacy. Results from this study showed that the parent self-efficacy was more likely to be related to their own behaviors or attitudes, rather than the environmental factors or their child’s input. The child self-efficacy, however, was influenced not only by their own and parental behaviors or attitudes, but also by environmental factors. This study suggests that both parental and child self-efficacy are important factors to be considered when making decisions about school transportation. View Full-Text
Keywords: walking to school; child and parent self-efficacy; attitude; behavior; environment walking to school; child and parent self-efficacy; attitude; behavior; environment

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Kim, Y.-J.; Lee, C.; Lu, W.; Mendoza, J.A. Attitudinal, Behavioral, and Environmental Correlates of Child and Parent Self-Efficacy in Walking to School. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 1588.

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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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