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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(12), 1580; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14121580

Design of an Air Pollution Monitoring Campaign in Beijing for Application to Cohort Health Studies

1
Department of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, University of Washington School of Public Health, Seattle, WA 98105, USA
2
State Key Laboratory of Environmental Criteria and Risk Assessment, Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing 100112, China
3
Department of Biostatistics, University of Washington School of Public Health, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 November 2017 / Revised: 8 December 2017 / Accepted: 12 December 2017 / Published: 15 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Environmental Health)
Full-Text   |   PDF [924 KB, uploaded 15 December 2017]   |  

Abstract

No cohort studies in China on the health effects of long-term air pollution exposure have employed exposure estimates at the fine spatial scales desirable for cohort studies with individual-level health outcome data. Here we assess an array of modern air pollution exposure estimation approaches for assigning within-city exposure estimates in Beijing for individual pollutants and pollutant sources to individual members of a cohort. Issues considered in selecting specific monitoring data or new monitoring campaigns include: needed spatial resolution, exposure measurement error and its impact on health effect estimates, spatial alignment and compatibility with the cohort, and feasibility and expense. Sources of existing data largely include administrative monitoring data, predictions from air dispersion or chemical transport models and remote sensing (specifically satellite) data. New air monitoring campaigns include additional fixed site monitoring, snapshot monitoring, passive badge or micro-sensor saturation monitoring and mobile monitoring, as well as combinations of these. Each of these has relative advantages and disadvantages. It is concluded that a campaign in Beijing that at least includes a mobile monitoring component, when coupled with currently available spatio-temporal modeling methods, should be strongly considered. Such a campaign is economical and capable of providing the desired fine-scale spatial resolution for pollutants and sources. View Full-Text
Keywords: air pollution; mobile monitoring; exposure estimation; cohort study air pollution; mobile monitoring; exposure estimation; cohort study
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Vedal, S.; Han, B.; Xu, J.; Szpiro, A.; Bai, Z. Design of an Air Pollution Monitoring Campaign in Beijing for Application to Cohort Health Studies. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 1580.

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