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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(12), 1540; doi:10.3390/ijerph14121540

The Family Affluence Scale as an Indicator for Socioeconomic Status: Validation on Regional Income Differences in the Czech Republic

1
Faculty of Physical Culture, Department of Recreation and Leisure Studies, Palacky University Olomouc, 771 47 Olomouc, Czech Republic
2
Department of Natural and Human Sciences, University of Education Heidelberg, D-69032 Heidelberg, Germany
3
Department of Public Health, Ghent University, 9000 Gent, Belgium
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 25 September 2017 / Revised: 19 November 2017 / Accepted: 5 December 2017 / Published: 8 December 2017
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Abstract

The Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children study (HBSC) uses the Family Affluence Scale (FAS) as a tool to identify the socioeconomic status of children and adolescents. Even though it is now widely applied in research studies, the external criterion validation of FAS has not been verified in terms of objective economic indicators in Central Europe. The aim of this study is to validate FAS in terms of disposable income per capita in 14 Czech administrative regions. Regional differences in the FAS score were analyzed using Pearson correlation and linear regression to measure the dependency of the aggregated mean of the FAS index at the regional level on data from the Czech HSBC survey carried out from April to June 2014 (n = 10,361). The data analysis has shown an overall positive correlation between the FAS index and regional disposable income (R = 0.77, p < 0.01). The regional disposable income per person could explain 59.7% of the variance in the FAS index (p < 0.01). By validating individual items, the authors identified three items with a significant correlation (p < 0.01): number of computers, dishwasher at home, and number of holidays. FAS seems to be a valid instrument to measure adolescents’ socioeconomic status. View Full-Text
Keywords: family affluence; Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children (HBSC); validation; disposable income per household; regional economic differences family affluence; Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children (HBSC); validation; disposable income per household; regional economic differences
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Hobza, V.; Hamrik, Z.; Bucksch, J.; De Clercq, B. The Family Affluence Scale as an Indicator for Socioeconomic Status: Validation on Regional Income Differences in the Czech Republic. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 1540.

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