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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(12), 1522; doi:10.3390/ijerph14121522

Association of Social Support and Medication Adherence in Chinese Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

1
China Institute of Health, School of Social Development and Public Policy, Beijing Normal University, 19 Xinjiekou Wai Street, Haidian District, Beijing 100875, China
2
School of Public administration, Shandong Technology and Business University, 191 Binhaizhong Road, Yantai 264000, China
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 August 2017 / Revised: 6 November 2017 / Accepted: 7 November 2017 / Published: 6 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Health Behavior, Chronic Disease and Health Promotion)
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Abstract

The prevalence of diabetes is steadily increasing in China. When diabetes is uncontrolled, it generates dire consequences for health and well-being. Numerous studies have shown that health outcomes were associated with social support and medication adherence. Previous study confirmed that social support was associated with medication adherence in patients with heart failure, HIV diseases, and first-episode psychosis. However, the relationship between social support and medication adherence in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is remains unclear. This study aims to examine whether social support is associated with medication adherence in patients with T2DM. This study was conducted in the First Affiliated Hospital of the General Hospital of the People’s Liberation Army (PLA). In Beijing, a systematic random sample of 412 patients with T2DM over 18 years was recruited at baseline, and demographic characteristics, clinical data and their assessment of social support were collected from medical records and self-reported questionnaires. 330 of these patients completed a self-report measure of medication adherence at the sixth month after baseline data collection. Regression analysis showed that social support presented a positive effect on medication adherence, additionally, support utilization and the subscale of social support exhibited a significantly strong influence on medication adherence in patients with T2DM. Although medication adherence was influenced by multiple factors, this finding confirmed that social support must be recognized as a core element in interventions aimed at improving in the management of patients with T2DM. View Full-Text
Keywords: type 2 diabetes mellitus; social support; medication adherence type 2 diabetes mellitus; social support; medication adherence
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Gu, L.; Wu, S.; Zhao, S.; Zhou, H.; Zhang, S.; Gao, M.; Qu, Z.; Zhang, W.; Tian, D. Association of Social Support and Medication Adherence in Chinese Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 1522.

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