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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(12), 1439; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14121439

FRED: Exergame to Prevent Dependence and Functional Deterioration Associated with Ageing. A Pilot Three-Week Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial

1
Rehabilitation Service, Cruces University Hospital, Plaza Cruces s/n, 48903 Barakaldo, Spain
2
DeustoTech-Deusto Foundation, Avda Universidades, 24, 48007 Bilbao, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 October 2017 / Revised: 4 November 2017 / Accepted: 10 November 2017 / Published: 23 November 2017
(This article belongs to the Collection Aging and Public Health)
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Abstract

Introduction: Frailty syndrome and advanced age may decrease the acceptance of illness and quality of life, and worsen patients’ existing health conditions, as well as leading to an increase in health care expenses. Purpose: The purpose of this study is to reduce frailty risk via the use of a FRED game which has been expressly designed and put together for the study. Materials and methods: A total of 40 frail volunteers with a score of <10 points in the short physical performance battery (SPPB) took part in a feasibility study in order to validate the FRED game. Following randomisation, the study group (20 subjects) took part in nine sessions of 20 min each over a three-week period. The control group (19 subjects) continued to lead their daily lives in the course of which they had no physical activity scheduled; Results: After three weeks and having taken part in nine physical activity sessions with the FRED game, 60% of subjects from the study group (12/20) obtained a score of ≥10 points at the end of the study, i.e., less risk of evidencing frailty. This result proved to be statistically significant (p < 0.001). The degree of compliance with and adherence to the game was confirmed by 100% attendance of the sessions. Discussion: Our findings support the hypothesis that FRED, an ad hoc designed exergame, significantly reduced the presence and severity of frailty in a sample of sedentary elders, thus potentially modifying their risk profile. Conclusions: The FRED game is a tool that shows a 99% certain improvement in the degree of frailty in frail elderly subjects. The effectiveness of the design of ad hoc games in a certain pathology or population group is therefore evidenced. View Full-Text
Keywords: frailty; elderly people; exergame; physical activity; kinect frailty; elderly people; exergame; physical activity; kinect
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Mugueta-Aguinaga, I.; Garcia-Zapirain, B. FRED: Exergame to Prevent Dependence and Functional Deterioration Associated with Ageing. A Pilot Three-Week Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 1439.

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