Next Article in Journal
The Communication, Awareness, Relationships and Empowerment (C.A.R.E.) Model: An Effective Tool for Engaging Urban Communities in Community-Based Participatory Research
Next Article in Special Issue
Teacher Rated School Ethos and Student Reported Bullying—A Multilevel Study of Upper Secondary Schools in Stockholm, Sweden
Previous Article in Journal
Using Twitter to Explore (un)Healthy Housing: Learning from the #Characterbuildings Campaign in New Zealand
Previous Article in Special Issue
Peer Victimization among Classmates—Associations with Students’ Internalizing Problems, Self-Esteem, and Life Satisfaction
Article Menu
Issue 11 (November) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(11), 1427; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14111427

Physical Fighting and Associated Factors among Adolescents Aged 13–15 Years in Six Western Pacific Countries

1
Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Shandong University, Jinan 250012, China
2
Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine, University Hospital Center, 1010 Lausanne, Switzerland
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 August 2017 / Revised: 17 November 2017 / Accepted: 18 November 2017 / Published: 21 November 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Youth Violence as a Public Health Issue)
Full-Text   |   PDF [308 KB, uploaded 22 November 2017]

Abstract

Youth violence is an important public health challenge around the world, yet the literature on this problem in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) has been limited. The present study aims to examine the prevalence of adolescent physical fighting (defined as having been involved in at least one physical fight during the past 12 months) in selected LMICs, and its relations with potential risk factors. We included 6377 school-going adolescents aged 13–15 years from six Western Pacific (WP) countries that had recently conducted a Global School-based Student Health Survey. Information was gathered through a self-administered anonymous closed-ended questionnaire. The prevalence of adolescent physical fighting varied across countries, ranging from 34.5% in Kiribati to 63.3% in Samoa. The prevalence was higher in boys than in girls, and lower at age 15 than 13–14 years. Physical fighting was significantly associated (pooled odds ratios (ORs), 95% confidence intervals (CIs)) with smoking (1.78, 1.53–2.06), drinking (1.57, 1.33–1.85), drug use (1.72, 1.33–2.23), and missing school (1.72, 1.51–1.95). The association with physical fighting increased with increasing number of joint adverse behaviors (increased from 1.99 (1.73–2.29) for one risk behavior to 4.95 (4.03–6.07) for at least 3 risk behaviors, versus having none of the 4 risk behaviors). The high prevalence of physical fighting and the associations with risk behaviors emphasize the need for comprehensive prevention programs to reduce youth violence and associated risk behaviors. View Full-Text
Keywords: youth violence; physical fighting; smoking; alcohol drinking; adolescents; Western Pacific; low- and middle-income countries youth violence; physical fighting; smoking; alcohol drinking; adolescents; Western Pacific; low- and middle-income countries
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Yang, L.; Zhang, Y.; Xi, B.; Bovet, P. Physical Fighting and Associated Factors among Adolescents Aged 13–15 Years in Six Western Pacific Countries. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 1427.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top