Next Article in Journal
Climatic Variables and Malaria Morbidity in Mutale Local Municipality, South Africa: A 19-Year Data Analysis
Previous Article in Journal
Pattern of Road Traffic Injuries in Rural Bangladesh: Burden Estimates and Risk Factors
Previous Article in Special Issue
Living Arrangements and Health-Related Quality of Life in Chinese Adolescents Who Migrate from Rural to Urban Schools: Mediating Effect of Social Support
Article Menu
Issue 11 (November) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(11), 1352; doi:10.3390/ijerph14111352

Measuring the Effect of Housing Quality Interventions: The Case of the New Zealand “Rental Warrant of Fitness”

1
Department of Public Health, University of Otago, Wellington 6021, New Zealand
2
School of Public Health, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
3
National Center for Healthy Housing, Columbia, MD 21044, USA
4
Warwick Medical School—Health Sciences, University of Warwick, Coventry CV5 6EG, UK
5
Home Style Green, Auckland 1072, New Zealand
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 September 2017 / Revised: 30 October 2017 / Accepted: 31 October 2017 / Published: 7 November 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Housing and Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [641 KB, uploaded 7 November 2017]   |  

Abstract

In New Zealand, as in many other countries, housing in the private-rental sector is in worse condition than in the owner-occupier housing sector. New Zealand residential buildings have no inspection regime after original construction signoff. Laws and regulations mandating standards for existing residential housing are outdated and spread over a range of instruments. Policies to improve standards in existing housing have been notoriously difficult to implement. In this methods paper, we describe the development and implementation of a rental Warrant of Fitness (WoF) intended to address these problems. Dwellings must pass each of 29 criteria for habitability, insulation, heating, ventilation, safety, amenities, and basic structural soundness to reach the WoF minimum standard. The WoF’s development was based on two decades of research on the impact of housing quality on health and wellbeing, and strongly influenced by the UK Housing Health and Safety Rating System and US federal government housing standards. Criteria were field-tested across a range of dwelling types and sizes, cities, and climate zones. The implementation stage of our WoF research consists of a non-random controlled quasi-experimental study in which we work with two city-level local government councils to implement the rental WoF, recruiting adjoining council areas as controls, and measuring changes in health, economic, and social outcomes. View Full-Text
Keywords: housing quality; tenure; policy; evaluation; standards; health; economic; housing standards; housing assessment; home health and safety housing quality; tenure; policy; evaluation; standards; health; economic; housing standards; housing assessment; home health and safety
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Telfar-Barnard, L.; Bennett, J.; Howden-Chapman, P.; Jacobs, D.E.; Ormandy, D.; Cutler-Welsh, M.; Preval, N.; Baker, M.G.; Keall, M. Measuring the Effect of Housing Quality Interventions: The Case of the New Zealand “Rental Warrant of Fitness”. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 1352.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top