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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(11), 1334; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14111334

Impact of Distance on Mode of Active Commuting in Chilean Children and Adolescents

1
IRyS Research Group, School of Physical Education, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso, Valparaíso 2374631, Chile
2
BHF Glasgow Cardiovascular Research Centre, Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Science, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G128TA, UK
3
Centro de Fisiologia y Biomecanica, Universidad Mayor, Santiago 8580000, Chile
4
PROFITH “PROmoting FITness and Health through Physical Activity” Research Group, Department of Physical Education and Sport, Faculty of Sports Sciences, University of Granada, 18071 Granada, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 August 2017 / Revised: 25 October 2017 / Accepted: 27 October 2017 / Published: 2 November 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Eating and Exercise in Children and Adolescents)
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Abstract

Active commuting could contribute to increasing physical activity. The objective of this study was to characterise patterns of active commuting to and from schools in children and adolescents in Chile. A total of 453 Chilean children and adolescents aged between 10 and 18 years were included in this study. Data regarding modes of commuting and commuting distance was collected using a validated questionnaire. Commuting mode was classified as active commuting (walking and/or cycling) or non-active commuting (car, motorcycle and/or bus). Commuting distance expressed in kilometres was categorised into six subgroups (0 to 0.5, 0.6 to 1, 1.1 to 2, 2.1 to 3, 3.1 to 5 and >5 km). Car commuting was the main mode for children (to school 64.9%; from school 51.2%) and adolescents (to school 50.2%; from school 24.7%). Whereas public bus commuting was the main transport used by adolescents to return from school. Only 11.0% and 24.8% of children and adolescents, respectively, walk to school. The proportion of children and adolescents who engage in active commuting was lower in those covering longer distances compared to a short distance. Adolescents walked to and from school more frequently than children. These findings show that non-active commuting was the most common mode of transport and that journey distances may influence commuting modes in children and adolescents. View Full-Text
Keywords: active transport; youth; physical activity; adolescent active transport; youth; physical activity; adolescent
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Rodríguez-Rodríguez, F.; Cristi-Montero, C.; Celis-Morales, C.; Escobar-Gómez, D.; Chillón, P. Impact of Distance on Mode of Active Commuting in Chilean Children and Adolescents. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 1334.

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