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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(11), 1299; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14111299

An Integrated Pest Management Intervention Improves Knowledge, Pest Control, and Practices in Family Child Care Homes

School of Nursing, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
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Received: 28 September 2017 / Revised: 19 October 2017 / Accepted: 23 October 2017 / Published: 26 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Global Children’s Environmental Health)
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Abstract

To reduce young children’s exposure to pesticides when attending family child care homes (FCCHs), we developed an integrated pest management (IPM) intervention for FCCH directors. First, we developed IPM educational materials and resources to provide the foundation for an IPM educational intervention for FCCHs. Next, we conducted and evaluated a six-month nurse child care health consultant (CCHC)-led education and consultation IPM intervention to increase IPM knowledge, IPM practices, IPM policies, and decrease the presence or evidence of pests. The pilot intervention study was conducted by three CCHCs in 20 FCCHs in three counties in California. Pre- and post-intervention measures were completed by the FCCH directors and observation measures were completed by the CCHCs. Results indicated significant increases in IPM knowledge, (t-statistic (degrees of freedom), (t(df) = 2.55(10), p < 0.05), increases in IPM practices (t(df) = −6.47(17), p < 0.05), and a 90% reduction in the prevalence of pests. There were no significant differences in changes in IPM practices based on director education, FCCH county, or IPM intervention intensity or duration. A nurse-led IPM education and consultation intervention can reduce exposures of young children attending family child care homes to harmful chemicals. View Full-Text
Keywords: family child care home; integrated pest management; child care health consultant; environmental health; pesticides; pediatrics; nurse; public health; intervention family child care home; integrated pest management; child care health consultant; environmental health; pesticides; pediatrics; nurse; public health; intervention
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Stephens, M.; Hazard, K.; Moser, D.; Cox, D.; Rose, R.; Alkon, A. An Integrated Pest Management Intervention Improves Knowledge, Pest Control, and Practices in Family Child Care Homes. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 1299.

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