Impact of Psychosocial Environment on Young Children’s Emotional and Behavioral Difficulties
AbstractObjective: The impact of maternal psychosocial stress on young children’s mental difficulties is unclear. This study investigated the joint effects of the socioeconomic status and parent-child relationships on emotional and behavioral difficulties in preschool children. Methods: The case-control study included 1416 mothers and their 4–6 year-old children pairs, living in Kaunas city, Lithuania. The parent-child relationships were measured using the Parent-Child Dysfunctional Interaction subscale. Children’s mental health difficulties were assessed by the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire. We used logistic regression models to indicate the strength of the associations. Results: Lower socioeconomic status women more often than higher ones reported pathological mother-child relations. Low education level was associated with statistically significant increase adjusted odds ratios for emotional symptoms and total behavioral difficulties. With reference to the group of better-educated mothers and normal mother-child relations, low education and pathological mother-child relations statistically significantly increased the risk of total difficulties in 4–6 year-old children; the adjusted odds ratios were 2.45; 95% CI 1.51–3.99. Conclusions: Pathological mother-child relations strengthened the effect of lower education on the increased risk of emotional and behavioral difficulties in preschool-age children. Measures oriented towards health behavior and psychosocial difficulties management may decrease children’s emotional and behavioral difficulties. View Full-Text
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Grazuleviciene, R.; Andrusaityte, S.; Petraviciene, I.; Balseviciene, B. Impact of Psychosocial Environment on Young Children’s Emotional and Behavioral Difficulties. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 1278.
Grazuleviciene R, Andrusaityte S, Petraviciene I, Balseviciene B. Impact of Psychosocial Environment on Young Children’s Emotional and Behavioral Difficulties. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2017; 14(10):1278.Chicago/Turabian Style
Grazuleviciene, Regina; Andrusaityte, Sandra; Petraviciene, Inga; Balseviciene, Birute. 2017. "Impact of Psychosocial Environment on Young Children’s Emotional and Behavioral Difficulties." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 14, no. 10: 1278.
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