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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(10), 1258; doi:10.3390/ijerph14101258

In Search of Consistent Predictors of Children’s Physical Activity

1
Institute for Physical Activity and Nutrition, Deakin University, Burwood, VIC 3125, Australia
2
School of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, SA 5001, Australia
3
Early Start Research Institute, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW 2500, Australia
4
School of Health Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, SA 5001, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 September 2017 / Revised: 10 October 2017 / Accepted: 18 October 2017 / Published: 20 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Social and Environmental Influences on Physical Activity Behaviours)
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Abstract

Physical activity is pivotal for children’s health and well-being, yet participation declines across teenage years. Efforts to increase physical activity need to be strengthened to combat this, however, evidence for the design and planning of physical activity promotion in children is lacking. The aim was to identify predictors of physical activity that were relatively consistent across three different measures of physical activity, in pre- and early adolescent South Australians. This is the first study to compare correlates of physical activity across three measures of physical activity in a single sample, in this age group. Children (n = 324) aged 9–13 years and their parents were surveyed on personal, interpersonal and environmental correlates of physical activity. Child physical activity was objectively measured using pedometers (7 days). Self-reported physical activity was determined from organised sport participation and the Physical Activity Questionnaire for Adolescents. Regression models were used to identify consistent predictors of three physical activity measures. Consistent predictors across multiple physical activity measures were: parent support for physical activity, having appropriate clothing for sport, enjoyment of physical activity and perceived availability of sporting clubs. These predictors identify potential avenues for directing intervention efforts to increase physical activity in early adolescents. View Full-Text
Keywords: children; adolescents; physical activity; sport; predictor; correlates; social ecological model; health promotion children; adolescents; physical activity; sport; predictor; correlates; social ecological model; health promotion
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Best, K.; Ball, K.; Zarnowiecki, D.; Stanley, R.; Dollman, J. In Search of Consistent Predictors of Children’s Physical Activity. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 1258.

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