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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(10), 1172; doi:10.3390/ijerph14101172

The Development of Three Questionnaires to Assess Beliefs about Green Exercise

School of Sport, Rehabilitation and Exercise Sciences, University of Essex, Wivenhoe Park, Colchester, Essex CO4 3SQ, UK
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Received: 8 September 2017 / Revised: 28 September 2017 / Accepted: 29 September 2017 / Published: 4 October 2017
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Abstract

Green exercise is physical activity that takes place in the presence of natural environments. Despite the promising evidence of the benefits, little is known about how individuals’ thoughts and feelings influence participation in green exercise and subsequent outcomes. The aim of the current research was to develop questionnaires using the Theory of Planned Behaviour as a framework that could both directly and indirectly assess attitudes, subjective norms and perceived behaviour control, along with intention toward green exercise. Confirmatory factor analyses confirmed that the indirect, direct, and intention measures all had good overall model fits when tested on a refinement (n = 253) and validation (n = 230) sample. The questionnaires will contribute towards helping to better understanding individuals’ beliefs about green exercise, how these influence behaviour, and ultimately to enable the development of effective interventions promoting green exercise. View Full-Text
Keywords: attitudes; subjective norms; perceived behavioural control; intentions; theory of planned behaviour; confirmatory factor analysis; physical activity; outdoor recreation attitudes; subjective norms; perceived behavioural control; intentions; theory of planned behaviour; confirmatory factor analysis; physical activity; outdoor recreation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Flowers, E.P.; Freeman, P.; Gladwell, V.F. The Development of Three Questionnaires to Assess Beliefs about Green Exercise. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 1172.

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