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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(10), 1144; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14101144

Health-Related Quality of Life and Function after Paediatric Injuries in India: A Longitudinal Study

1
The George Institute for Global Health, University of New South Wales (UNSW), Sydney 2052, Australia
2
School of Public Health, Post Graduate Institute for Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh 160012, India
3
Sydney School of Public Health, The University of Sydney, Sydney 2006, Australia
4
School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne 3004, Australia
5
Farr Institute, Swansea University Medical School, Swansea University, Swansea SA2 8PP, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: David A. Sleet
Received: 7 September 2017 / Revised: 22 September 2017 / Accepted: 25 September 2017 / Published: 28 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Child Injury Prevention 2017)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [658 KB, uploaded 28 September 2017]   |  

Abstract

Paediatric injuries can lead to long-term functional impairment and reduced health-related quality of life, and are a growing public health issue in India. To date, however, the burden has been poorly characterized. This study assessed the impact of non-fatal injuries on health-related quality of life in a prospective cohort study of 373 children admitted to three hospitals in Chandigarh and Haryana states in India. The Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL) and King’s Outcome Scale for Childhood Head Injury (KOSCHI) were administered at baseline (pre-injury) and at 1, 2, 4, and 12 months post-injury by telephone interview. Follow-up at all-time points was completed for 277 (77%) of all living participants. Less than one percent reported ongoing disability at 4 months, and no disability was reported at 12 months. PedsQL physical health scores were below healthy child norms (83.4) at 1 month in the cohort for ages 8–12 years and 13–16 years. Although injuries are prevalent, ongoing impact on functioning and disability from most childhood injuries at 12 months was reported to be low. The results raise questions about reliability of generic, Western-centric tools in low- and middle-income settings, and highlight the need for local context-specific tools. View Full-Text
Keywords: paediatric; trauma; quality of life paediatric; trauma; quality of life
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Jagnoor, J.; Prinja, S.; Christou, A.; Baker, J.; Gabbe, B.; Ivers, R. Health-Related Quality of Life and Function after Paediatric Injuries in India: A Longitudinal Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 1144.

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