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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(10), 1140; doi:10.3390/ijerph14101140

Occurrence, Ecological and Human Health Risks, and Seasonal Variations of Phenolic Compounds in Surface Water and Sediment of a Potential Polluted River Basin in China

1,2
,
1,2,* and 1,3
1
Institute of Natural Disaster Research, Department of Environment, Northeast Normal University, NO. 2555 Jingyue Street, Changchun 130117, China
2
Key Laboratory for Vegetation Ecology, Ministry of Education, NO. 2555 Jingyue Street, Changchun 130117, China
3
School of Resources and Environmental Engineering, Jilin Institute of Chemical Technology, NO. 45 Chengde Street, Jilin 132022, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 August 2017 / Revised: 22 September 2017 / Accepted: 23 September 2017 / Published: 27 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Environmental Engineering and Public Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [4675 KB, uploaded 28 September 2017]   |  

Abstract

Five phenolic compounds in water and sediment of Yinma River Basin were investigated. The average concentration of phenol was the highest in water samples as well as in sediment samples during the wet season, 101.68 ng/L and 127.76 ng/g, respectively. 2,4,6-Trichlorophenol (2,4,6-TCP) and pentachlorophenol (PCP) was not detected in some sampling sites. Shitou Koumen Reservoir and the neighboring area were the severest areas of phenolic pollution. The lower reach was more polluted in three water seasons than the middle reach and upper reach. Phenol had ecological risks in sediment during three water seasons. 2-Nitrophenol (2-NP) and 2,4-dichlorophenol (2,4-DCP) had ecological risks in sediment in both the normal and wet season. The concentrations of five phenolic compounds from high to low were in the wet season, normal season, and dry season in water and sediment, respectively. There were middle risks in water of total concentrations for five phenolic compounds in several sampling sites. Total concentrations for five phenolic compounds in sediment had high ecological risks in all sampling sites. However, there was no human health risk in the Yinma River Basin. View Full-Text
Keywords: phenolic compounds; water; sediment; seasonal variation; ecological risks; human health risks phenolic compounds; water; sediment; seasonal variation; ecological risks; human health risks
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Zhou, M.; Zhang, J.; Sun, C. Occurrence, Ecological and Human Health Risks, and Seasonal Variations of Phenolic Compounds in Surface Water and Sediment of a Potential Polluted River Basin in China. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 1140.

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