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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(10), 1114; doi:10.3390/ijerph14101114

Evaluation of Environmental Risk Due to Metro System Construction in Jinan, China

Jinan Rail Transit Group Co., Ltd., Jinan 250101, China
Collaborative Innovation Center for Advanced Ship and Deep-Sea Exploration (CISSE), Department of Civil Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China
Department of Civil and Construction Engineering, Swinburne University of Technology, Hawthorn, VIC 3122, Australia
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 August 2017 / Revised: 19 September 2017 / Accepted: 22 September 2017 / Published: 25 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Environmental Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [20546 KB, uploaded 25 September 2017]   |  


Jinan is a famous spring city in China. Construction of underground metro system may block groundwater seepage, inducing the depletion risk of springs. This paper presents an assessment of the risk due to metro line construction to groundwater in Jinan City using Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) and Geographic International System (GIS). Based on the characteristics of hydrogeology and engineering geology, the assessment model is established from the perspectives of surface index and underground index. The assessment results show that the high and very high risk levels of surface index exceed 98% in the north region; and high and very high risk levels of underground index exceed 56% in urban center and southern region. The assessment result also shows that about 14% of the urban area belongs to very high risk level; regions of high risk are 20% in urban area, 9% in Changqing County and 43% in Pingyin County. In the high risk region, metro lines R1 to R3, which are under construction, and metro lines L1 to L5, which are planned, have very high and high risk. Therefore, risk control measures are proposed to protect the groundwater seepage path to spring. View Full-Text
Keywords: Jinan City; groundwater system; AHP; GIS; metro line construction Jinan City; groundwater system; AHP; GIS; metro line construction

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Wang, G.-F.; Lyu, H.-M.; Shen, J.S.; Lu, L.-H.; Li, G.; Arulrajah, A. Evaluation of Environmental Risk Due to Metro System Construction in Jinan, China. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 1114.

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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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