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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(1), 75; doi:10.3390/ijerph14010075

Demographic and Substance Use Factors Associated with Non-Violent Alcohol-Related Injuries among Patrons of Australian Night-Time Entertainment Districts

School of Psychology, Faculty of Health, Deakin University, Geelong VIC 3220, Australia
Centre for Alcohol Policy Research, Department of Psychology and Public Health, La Trobe University, Melbourne VIC 3000, Australia
National Drug Research Institute, Curtin University, Perth WA 6845, Australia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Eileen Kaner, Amy O’Donnell and Peter Anderson
Received: 6 December 2016 / Revised: 4 January 2017 / Accepted: 10 January 2017 / Published: 12 January 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Alcohol and Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [286 KB, uploaded 12 January 2017]


This study examined the relationship between patron demographics, substance use, and experience of recent alcohol-related accidents and injuries that were not due to interpersonal violence in night-time entertainment districts. Cross-sectional interviews (n = 4016) were conducted around licensed venues in entertainment districts of five Australian cities. Demographic factors associated with non-violent alcohol-related injuries were examined, including gender, age, and occupation. The association between substance use on the night of interview; blood alcohol concentration (BAC), pre-drinking, energy drink consumption, and illicit drug use; and experience of injury was also explored. Thirteen percent of participants reported an alcohol-related injury within the past three months. Respondents aged younger than 25 years were significantly more likely to report an alcohol-related injury. Further, a significant occupation effect was found indicating the rate of alcohol-related injury was lower in managers/professionals compared to non-office workers. The likelihood of prior alcohol-related injury significantly increased with BAC, and self-reported pre-drinking, energy drink, or illicit drug consumption on the night of interview. These findings provide an indication of the demographic and substance use-related associations with alcohol-related injuries and, therefore, potential avenues of population-level policy intervention. Policy responses to alcohol-related harm must also account for an assessment and costing of non-violent injuries. View Full-Text
Keywords: alcohol; intoxication; injury; licensed venues; patron interviews alcohol; intoxication; injury; licensed venues; patron interviews
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Coomber, K.; Mayshak, R.; Hyder, S.; Droste, N.; Curtis, A.; Pennay, A.; Gilmore, W.; Lam, T.; Chikritzhs, T.; Miller, P.G. Demographic and Substance Use Factors Associated with Non-Violent Alcohol-Related Injuries among Patrons of Australian Night-Time Entertainment Districts. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 75.

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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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