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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(1), 64; doi:10.3390/ijerph14010064

Socio-Environmental and Hematological Profile of Landfill Residents (São Jorge Landfill–Sao Paulo, Brazil)

1
Environmental Health Management Department, ABC MedSchool, Santo André 09060-650, SP, Brazil
2
Biological Sciences Department, Institute of Environmental, Chemistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Federal University of São Paulo, Diadema 04060-650, SP, Brazil
3
Environmental Health Sciences Department, IPC, EsTesC, Coimbra Health School, Coimbra 3046-854, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Huixiao Hong
Received: 27 September 2016 / Revised: 29 December 2016 / Accepted: 31 December 2016 / Published: 11 January 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Global Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [299 KB, uploaded 11 January 2017]

Abstract

We are experiencing an unprecedented urbanization process that, alongside physical, social and economic developments, has been having a significant impact on a population’s health. Due to the increase in pollution, violence and poverty, our modern cities no longer ensure a good quality of life so they become unhealthy environments. This study aims to assess the effect of social, environmental and economic factors on the hematologic profile of residents of Santo André’s landfill. In particular, we will assess the effect of social, economic, and environmental factors on current and potential disease markers obtained from hematological tests. The research method is the observational type, from a retrospective cohort, and by convenience sampling in Santo André in the Greater ABC (municipalities of Santo André, São Bernardo do Campo and São Caetano do Sul, southeast part of the Greater São Paulo Metropolitan Area, Brazil). The study determined a socio-environmental profile and the hematologic diseases screening related to a close location to the landfill. The disease manifests itself within a broad spectrum of symptoms that causes changes in blood count parameters. The objective of this work is to show that there is an association between social, environmental and economic factors and a variety of serious disease outcomes that may be detected from blood screening. A causal study of the effect of living near the landfill on these disease outcomes would be a very expensive and time-consuming study. This work we believe is sufficient for public health officials to consider policy and attempt remediation of the effects of living near a landfill. View Full-Text
Keywords: landfill; waste; socio-environmental impact; hematologic diseases landfill; waste; socio-environmental impact; hematologic diseases
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Palmeira Wanderley, V.; Affonso Fonseca, F.L.; Vala Quiaios, A.; Nuno Domingues, J.; Paixão, S.; Figueiredo, J.; Ferreira, A.; de Almeida Pinto, C.; da Silva, O.R.; Alvarenga, R.; Machi Junior, A.; Luiz Savóia, E.J.; Daminello Raimundo, R. Socio-Environmental and Hematological Profile of Landfill Residents (São Jorge Landfill–Sao Paulo, Brazil). Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 64.

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